UGC NET/SET for LIS  prepares for your success!








One ward  and Short Summary notes


Library and Information Science































Table of Contents


    I.            Abbreviations in Library and Information Science           

   II.            Onewards Answer  Breif & Short Summary    

  iii            Short Notes                                                                            

 IV.            Assertion and Reason Q & A                                               

    V.            Software related to Library and Information Science     

 VI.            Delhi Events for Memories                                                   

VII.            Firsts In Library Science                                                     

VIII.            Dr. Ranganathan List of Publication                                 

 IX.            Commites Ammended                                                         

    X.            Library Quotes                                                                      

 XI.            Importat Library, location and year of established           

XII.            Cataloge Code  and Year of Established                            

XIII.            Classification Code                                                               

XIV.            Author and Area Personality                                              











I  - Frequently Used Abbreviations in Library and Information Science


AACR: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules.

ALCTS : The Association for Library Collections & Technical Services

AJAX : Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

ANSI : American National Standards Institute

API : Application Programming Interface.

ARL  : Association of Research Libraries.

ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects Agency Network.

ASIS: American Society for Information Science. 

ASLIB: Association for Information Management, previously, the Association of Special  Libraries and Information Bureau.

ASTINFO : Regional Network for the exchange of information and experience in  science and technology in Asia and the Pacific

BLAISE : British Library’s Automated Information Service

BIS  : Bureau of Indian Standards

CALIBER: Convention on Automation of LIBraries in Education and Research Institutions. 

CAS: Current Awareness Service
CCF: Common Communication Format
CILIP: Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals.
CMS: Content Management System.

COPSAT :  Current Online Patent in Science and Technology

COUNTER : Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources

CPM : Critical Path Method

DCMI: Dublin Core Metadata Initiative.

DDS: Document Delivery Service
DELNET: Developing Library NETwork.

DLF: Digital Library Federation.

DMAIC: Define, Measure, Access, Improve and Control

DNS: Domain Naming System.
DRTC: Documentation Research and Training Centre.

ENIAC : Electronic Numerical Integrator and  Calculator

ESS    : Electronic Spread Sheet

EUAL  :   End User License Agreement

FAIFE : Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression

FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data.
FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records.
FSF: Free Software Foundation.
FTE : Full-Time equivalent

FTP: File Transfer Protocol.

GPRS: General Packet Radio Service.
GSDL: Green Stone Digital Library Software.

GUI : Graphic User Interface
HTML: Hyper Text Mark Up Language.
HTTP: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
IASLIC: Indian Association of Special Libraries and Information Centers.
IATLIS: Indian Association of Teachers of Library and Information Science.
ICOLC : International Coalition of Library Consortia

IFLA: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions.
ILL: Inter Library Loan
INDEST: Indian National Digital library in Engineering Sciences and Technology
INFLIBNET :  INFormation and LIBrary NETwork
IP: Internet Protocol.
ISBD: International Standard Bibliographic Description.
ISO: International Organization for Standardization.
ISP: Internet Service Provider.
ISSN : International Standard Serial Number.
JANET: Joint Academic NETwork.
JOCLAI : Joint Council of Library Associations of India
LAN: Local Area Network.

LCSH – Library of Congress Subject Heading

LIPHIS - Linked Phrase Indexing System) was developed by


LOCKSS : Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe
MALI: Medical Library Association of India.
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network.
MARC : MAchine Readable Catalogue.

MEDLARS : Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System
METS :  Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard

MIPS : Million Instructions Per Second

NCP: Network Control Protocol.
NISCAIR: National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources.

NSF: National Science Foundation.
OAI-PMH: Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.
OCLC: Online Computer Library Centre.
OPAC: Online Public Access Catalogue

OWL : Web Ontology Language

PCM : Pulse Code Modulation

PERT : Program Evaluation and Review Techniqu

PLANNER: Promotion of Library Automation and Networking in North Eastern Region.

RDA: Resource Description and Access.

RFID : Radio Frequency IDentification
RRRLF: Raja Rammohun Roy Library Foundation

SCONUL : The Standing Conference on National and University Libraries

SDI: Selective Dissemination of Information
SIS: Society for Information Science.
SOUL : Software for University Libraries

SRU : Search / Retrieval via URL

SYNTOL  : Syntagmatic Organisation Language

TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol.
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
UNIMARC: Universal Machine Readable Catalogue

URL: Uniform Resource Locator.

UTF :  Unicode Transformation Format (16 bit Unicode to 7/8 bit character conversion)
VDU : Visual Display Unit

VGA : Video Graphic Adopter

VLSI : Very Large Sale Integration

WADEX : Word and Author Index
WAN: Wide Area Network.

WCDMA :  Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization.

WORM : Write Once Ready Many

WPI : World Patents Index

WWW: World Wide Web.

YAHOO : Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle

ZBB : Zeor Base Budgeting


































II  Onewards Answers Breif & Short Summary


1.      Information is  Organised Data

2.      ‘Fair use’ is a term most relevant to Copy right. 'Fair use' is the norm for determining the legality of Photocopying an entire book

3.      WIPO stands for World Intellectual Property Organization

4.      Handling of Information in the sense of production is called  Information Industry

5.      The term Information science came into exist in this year 1959

6.      BERN CONVENTION (1886) is concerned with copy rights

 7.      Communication Barrier is noise

8.      Communication Medium is Radio


9.      In communication mode   Shannon and weaver information is BIT, (Sender, Channel, Message, Receiver and feedback) in 1948.


10.  Communication channel Formal & Informal


11.  Informal communication among knowledgeable person is known as Invisible College


12.  Document is physical carrier of information        


13.  Entropy is not associated with the communication system, degree of Uncertainty in Information. Unavailable information for doing useful work


14.  Logical sequence of the following Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom


15.  The invisible web refers to that part of the internet, which is hidden from the search


16.  Who was the chairman of National Library Committee of India. B.S. Jha


17.  Which organization applied Library and Information Policy in India at national level.  RRRLF


18.  The head quarter of Patent Information System in Nagpur, India


19.  The act enacted in India in 1856 on Intellectual Property Right was based on British Patent Law 1852


20.  Whether intellectual property can be sold. Sale is possible

21.  The term communication came from which language Latin

22.  Who is the propounded of the term information transfer Beesman


23.  To which country the credit is given to coin the term information society  Japan by MaSuda

      Second by Tom Stonier, and Daniel Bell (1980), Alvin Toffler and John Naisbitt USA 1970


24.  Today information is regarded as which of the following Wealth, Commodity, and Products


25.  Now a day’s what is a most important vital resource for societal development of a country Information  


26.  The unit of information called Byte  


27.  Dr.S. R. Ranganathan was appointed as a National research professor of Library science 1962


28.  Delhi University first started M.Lib.Sc. & M.Phil courses


29.  Which Commission recommended 10% of the total college budget for development of  Libraries Kothari committee


30.  Where did Dr. S. R. Ranganathan put forth his five laws of library science?  Meenakshi college, Annamalainagar in 1931


31.  When ILA did became the member of IFLA? 1957


32.  In which year Aslib was acquired by MCB group, the holding company for emerald group publishing? 2010


33.  Which association`s tagline is “Managing Information”? ASLIB


34. Which association`s tagline is “connecting people and information” SLA


35.  Where is the headquarter of SLA?   located at Viginia established 1909

36.  Which organization has introduced the concept of “Sister libraries” for children`s and young adults reading?   IFLA


37.   ISBN allocation office in India shifted from Kolkatta to Delhi in 2011 


38.  Which two organizations jointly published survey on digitization and preservation?  IFLA + UNESCO 


39.  Who said that “Librarianship is not a profession”? Madden, Moon, Moore, Mc Pheron


40.  Which organization was joined with Library Association to form CILIP in 2002? Institute of Information Scientists  


41.  In which year International Institute of Documentation changed to International Federation of Documentation?  1937


42.  In which year headquarter of FID was shifted from Brussels to The Hague? 1934  


43.  Who gave the sixth law of library science “Every reader his/her freedom”? James R. Rettig 


44.  Where was the first library noticed in India? Sarasvathi


45.  When was the curriculum development committee on LIS instituted? 1990-93


46.  Who published the Journal International Classification? ISKO


47.  When was Information Science added to Librarianship? 1950


48.  Which association in India awards teachers in LIS?   IATLIS  


49.  Which law of library Science relates to the growth of libraries 5th law 


50.  UAP stands for Universal Availability of Publications, The IFLA Universal Availability of Publications Core Activity (UAP) and Office for International Lending (OIL), which has been hosted by the British Library at Boston Spa, United Kingdom, since the late 1970s, closed on 31st March 2003.


51.  Resource sharing is a part of Library cooperation


52.  The five laws of Library Science published in the book from in the year 1931


53.  Library Technology Report is a publication of ALA


54.  ABGILA is a quarterly publication of (ILA) Indian Library Association


55.  American Library Association  established    - 1876


56.  The Canadian Library Association         -1946


57.  Special Libraries Association  - 1909


58.  The Association of Research Libraries     -1932  


59.  Dr.S.R.Ranganathan coined the term for mobile libraries is Library on Wheels

60.  Forms of Extension service are Library Websites, Library Orientation, Book fair and Exhibition


61.  The first library school was started by Melvin Dewey (1851 to 1931)


62.   Ubuntu is built on Debian's architecture and infrastructure, to provide Linux server, desktop, phone, tablet and TV operating systems, first released oct 2004           


63.  The secondary source of information comprised of Indexing and Abstracting periodicals


64.  Dr. S. R. Ranganthan categorized information source into conventional, non conventional, neo conventional and micro documents  


65.  Article published in research journal are Primary sources


66.  The Thesaurus is a collection of selected terminology, synonymous terms and list of words


67.  Patent is an agreement between the inventor and the Government


68.  Word of learning is a Secondary source of information and Published by Europa publication (London)


69.  Indian books in Print are published from New Delhi


70.  Statesman year book is published from London MacMillan, Annually published, since 1864


71.  Library Herald edited by Krishan Kumar from Delhi library Association since 1958 published quarterly.


72.  Web-scale service at Punjab University’s (PU) APRIL 2015 Facility will provide access to  around eight lakh books and journals as well as provide unique ways for users to connect with  librarians


73.  ILA 60 year diamond jubilee celebrated at chandigar april 2015


74.  First editor of “Modern Librarian”  F.Monbrary Volte


75.  Who is the author of “Dictionary of anonymous and pseudonymous literature” S. Halkett & J. Laing    


76.  Indian National Bibliographical first appeared in  1957


77.  Compton year book contains outstanding events


78.  Online Europa year book has a coverage since 1985


79.   The Renardus  is a multi-subject gateway  and academic subject gateway service in Europe

        was launched in April 2002.


80.  Reference sources are those which used to obtain particular information


81.  Encyclopedia of Library and information science published by M.Dekker


82.  Retrospective search service is a type of  Responsive service


83.  New encyclopedia Britannica is useful for ready references Propaedia


84.  Year book are also known as  Annual


85.  What is India: A reference annual?   Year Book    


86.  What is Trade bibliography?  List of books in print or for sale compiled by a publisher


87.  Who publishes INIS Atom Index?  INIS (Viena)


88.  What is the meaning of E-Documents?  In electronic form such as Cassettes, CD-ROMs, etc.


89.  Inscription is not the documents


90.   Generally the information sources are divided mainly into following categories?

      Documentary and non-documentary


91.  What are non- documentary sources?  Which are in not printed form


92.  Today which type of information sources is most useful? Non- Documentary source


93.  Cumulative book index is published  from  USA by  H. W. Wilson Company's first original reference title was the Cumulative Book Index, first published in 1898. This was followed by the Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature in 1901.


94.  Bibliographies and Abstracts are the example of information consolidation


98. Free software movement done by Richard Stallman 


99. In an empirical research on the "Impact of user education on Library use Patterns",

      'Library Use' is :  An Dependent variable


100. BIS was previously known as ISI.


101. Cover to cover translation is treated as Current awareness services


102. What is the suitable reference sources to know about the information of a

        particular place?  Gazetteer, in India it was First published by Ministry of Home Affairs


103. Guide book suitable reference sources to find out the list of historical monuments of Delhi.    


104. What do you call a collection of maps, tables, charts, etc.?  Atlas


105. Encyclopedia Americana consists of  30 Volumes


106. The Encyclopædia Britannic it was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Edinburgh,  Scotland as

         three volumes.15th edition contained 32 volumes 1985 to 2010. Micro- and  Macropædia, which

        encompass 12 and 17 volumes, respectively, each volume having  roughly one thousand pages. The

        two-volume index of 1995 has 2350 pages. There is also the Propædia with topical organization of the

        contents. And there are  some versions for children.  After 244 Years, Encyclopædia Britannica Stops

        the Presses".  New York  Times. Retrieved 13 March 2012.


107. Thesis is a Primary sources of information


108. What is the publication frequency of Books in print? Annually Published by R.R. Bowker


109. What is National bibliography?  List of books published in a particular Nation


110. World of learning is a Secondary source of information published by Europa Year book, It’s a Directory


111. INB (Indian National Bibliographical) First Published in 1957 and Published by Sakithiya Akademi,

        frequency of publication monthly.


112. The author of Introduction to Librarianship is:  J.K. GATE


113. The term “Information Service” is an improvised name Reference service


114. Abstracting service provides whole bibliographic description along with abstracts of article.


115. Which service demands the creation of a ‘user’ profile and Feedback mechanism is a part of which

         service?  SDI


116. Reference service is the contact between the Right Reader and the Right Book in the Right Personal

        Way”  was stated by  Dr.S.R. Ranganathan  


117. CAS is defined as a process of dissemination of current information


118. Mobile library is a kind of which service?  Extension service


119. Reading centre, story hours, exhibition and reading to literature are form of  Extension service


120. Peter F. Drucker defined M.B.O. (Management by Objectives in 1954)


121. Who said the demand and supply theory of books?  Mc Colvin moors


122. To provide the best books to the maximum readers at the least cost" said by  Melvil Dewey, 1876


123. Who is the father of Classical School Henri Fayol


124. Who is the father of Scientific Management and 14 principle  F.W. Taylor


125. PERT was developed in the late 1950's for the U.S. Navy's Polaris project is management tool using

        statistical techniques for System Analysis. Planning, Scheudling and Controlling are the different phase

        of  PERT Study.  PEART approach is a device developed to better utilize of time in a series of activities


126. CPM - Critical Path Method, In 1957, DuPont developed as a network model for  project

        management method Designed


127. PPBS relates to Budgeting, developed by Rand Corporation 


128. Herzberg’s theory deals with Theory of Motivation & Theory X and Theory Y  


129. Who coined the word POSDCORB  Luther Gulick , it related to Library administration     


130. Old and fragile book can be preserved by Microfilming, Re-binding, Digesting.


131. Peer review is a Pre-publication articles scrutiny


132. Posting the right person at the right place is called Recruitment


133. Financial support given to libraries are of two types - Recurring and  Non- Recuring / Endowments


134. Recuring expenses Reading material & Staff salary expenses


135. Non-Recuring expenses are capital expenses like Library Building, Furniture and fittings, computer etc.


136. Principle of maximum aggregate benefit is concerned with Library service


137. Library Budget takes items of expenditure for libraries as the working data for allocation of funds.


138. A budget which mainly covers items of current revenue and expenditure is called Capital budget


139. The library budget of a university is passed by the Executive Counseling


140. In fund accounting, Recurring fund can not be used for other purposes.


141. Scrutiny of financial transactions is called Auditing


142. What are the two parts of the annual report of the library Descriptive and Statistical    


143. Who is the pioneer of open access system in British libraries  James Duff Brown


144. When was Browne charging system started?   1895


145. Who started New york Charging system?  John Cotton Dana

146. When did electrically operated book charging system introduced first?  1932

147. How many columns are there in the accession register? 14 colums,  Size 16” x 13”


148. First time efforts for the development of libraries in India were made by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan


149. “Introduction to Reference source” was written by W.A. Katz.


150. Three card system  introduced by  S. R. Ranganathan  1) Register card, 2)Check Card,

        3) Classified Index card


151. A good library building is an outcome of librarian and Architect

Stacks are the storage areas for the various types of documents kept in a library


153. Study carrels are exclusive areas meant for Researchers 


154. Library catalogue cards are filed in specially designed drawers called Catalogue cabinet

        A standard size of a unit cabinet is size 23" * 28".  It can hold 48000 catalogue cards.

155. Information Gatekeepers come under Documentary sources


156. Grogan categorizes documents into three types such as primary, secondary and tertiary.


157. Specification a legal document and can be used as a source of industrial information.

158. In Encyclopedia Britannica Micropaedia acts as an index to macropaedia


159. Payments for the books purchased can be made only after accessioning         


160. Technical section performs mainly two functions namely classification and cataloguing    


161. PRECIS was developed by Derek Austin for use in the BNB   published weekly,  PRECIS adopted

        2 line entry formats for all Entries. In PRECIS Main line operators,  Interposed operators and

        Differencing cooperators are the role operators. In 1967 come into being. Shunting method in index is

        used in PRECIS.


162. Accession Register is one of the records of circulation section.


163. Getting books back from the users and releasing the borrower’s ticket is known as discharging     


164. While entering the library, the personal belongings of a reader is kept in Property counter

165. Books misplaced on the shelves by readers are restored. This work is referred to as


166. Outdated and seldom used books are withdrawn from the library is known as Weeding out

167. The objective of library binding is durability of the library materials      

168. All part and pages of a volume are correctly sequenced in the first stage of binding process known as

        collation (or) checking pagination.         


169. Sheets before and after the text of a book are called End papers

170. Leather being used as one of the binding materials i.e. Sheep skin  is the strongest leather.


171. ALA has prescribed certain standards for library binding


172. TQM (Total Quality Management) is a process of helping employees in an organization to acquire new

        skills and competence on a continuing basis. Though Japanese writer first to  adopt the quality concepts,

        the original thinkers were American. Three main contributors to the Total Quality Management

        approach are: W. Edwards Deming, Josheph M. Juran and Philip B. Crosby. Other important

        contributors are  Feigenbaum, Ishikawa, Taguchi and Shigeo Shigeo.


173. A skillful method of providing means mechanism and structural elements to streamline

       organizational   work is known as Strategic planning

174. On which of the following technologies semantic web is not based? Cloud seeding       

175. World Wide Web (WWW) was first designed by Tim Berner's Lee 


176. The concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI) belongs to Fifth Generation Computers    


177. The term "Cyberspace" was first used by William Gibson


178. Ted Nelson created Project Xanadu (System) in 1960 and coined the term hypertext in 1963.


179. Computer memory is measured in Bits, Bytes, KB,MB,GB, TB,


180. There are three types of basic languages used in computer programming Machine, Assembly and high   

         level languages


181. There are Three (3) switching system are Message Switch, Pocket Switch, Circuit Switch


182. NICNET and INDONET are the networks of which category  WAN


183. Who designed analytical engine Charless Babbage


184. Calculating machine is developed by PASCAL

185. In which five year plan the INFLIBNET was established seventh five year plan         


186. INFLIBNET headquarters is located at Ahmadabad (Gujarat) regional centre J.L Nehru

        University New Delhi, Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore), Jadvapur University Kolkat,

        University Pune (West) 


187. The full form of ERNET? Education and Research Network  in India provided the

        first e-mail service in the country. Project was started in 1986.


188. Who publishes Annals of Library Science and documentation INSDOC Now (NISCAR)


189. What is full text e-Resourcec. American chemical society


190. ISID (Institute for Studies in Industrial Development) is  E-Bibliographic database


191. The Electronic Library is A Journal Name


192. Virtual accommodates Different version of the MARC Standard are USMARC, UKMARC


193. The journal of Library and Information Science is
Interlending and Document supply

194. E-prints is A repository Software


195. What  two is a Library Management  Software for small libraries Library Solution (Baily

        Solution UK) and Follet   


196. APS is a Full-Text E-Resources


197. Library and Information Science Journal name Reference Reviews incorporating ASLIB Book Guide


198. Mean, Median and Mode are Measures of control tendency


199. ‘Cranfield Studies’ 1960 are an example of Experimental Research, This Project was

         established in UK its, concerned with Evaluating Indexing System.


200. Research is working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem

201. Identification of problem is the first step in starting the research process.

202. A common test in research demands much priority on Reliability, Useability, Objectivity


203. A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal  statement

        is  called  Inductive Reasoning


204. Research is conducted to  Generate new knowledge, Obtain research degree,  Reinterpret existing



205. The essential qualities of a researcher are  Spirit of free enquiry, Reliance on observation And

        Evidence, Systematization or theorizing of knowledge


206. A research paper is a brief report of research work based on Both Primary & Secondary Source

207. In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by Selection of

        Research Tools


208. Hypothesis is a : Speculation


209. A research design is a series of sampling and it should not include Findings


210. A hypothesis that is tested for its rejection is :  NULL HYPOTHESIS


212. In a research design, which is considered as the most important component : REVIEW LITERATURE




214. Which of the following method of research and useful study on measuring the action life periodical : 



215. Mathematical formula for estimating sample size is given by Taro Yamane


216. Research design may be categorized mainly in : Explainatory, descriptive and exploratory research



217. Ink blot test is developed by : 1921 by Hermann Rorschach, Switzerland.


218. Observation can be categorized into following two main type : Participant & Non-Participant


219. The highest method point of spiral method is :  ZENITH


220. Conversation of response in to a set number is called :  CODING


221. The preliminaries in the research Report include : INTRODUCTION


222. Formulation of fundamental law is:  PURE RESEARCH  OR (APPLIED)


223. RRRLF was established in  1972 Where is the headquarter located at Culcutta provide ISBN,

        Established  by the Ministry of Tourism & Culture, Department of Culture, Govt. of India


224. It is a library with little or no physical presence of books, periodicals, reading space or Support staff, but

        are that disseminate  selective information directly to distribute library customers, usually

        electronically”.   Said by   Powell


225. A library is a public institution or establishment charged with the care of collection of  books,  the duty

        of making them accessible to those who require the use of them and  the task of converting every person

        in its  neighborhood into a habitual library goers and reader of books.”Quoted by Dr S R Ranganathan


226. Special libraries serve a specialist clientel, located within a single establishment or group and all

        Engaged in working towards one common purpose.”  Said by  R.Astall

227. Classification of all types of libraries has been made by UNESCO


228. Reading centre’s, story hours, exhibitions and reading to literature are forms of Extension service and

        Service of a public library

229. Which library first introduced the printed catalog  British Museum


230. Informal self education is possible in Public Library

231. Identify the association that has changed its original name SLA


232. Ontology is Classification of Internet based documents


233. Conference proceedings are considered as Primary documents.


234. RSS feed is a tool of : Web 2.0


235. CRG stands for  Classification Research Group was fromed in year 1952 by J. Mills located at London

        Its analysis the information reterival.


236. SCIRUS  search engine is exclusively meant for scientific information (withdraw 2014)


237. Bradford’s Law  related to Law of scattering  


238. Lotkas Law related to Author’s productivity Y = C/Xn Frequency of authors making X contribution


239. Eugene Garfield  study of  Citation indexing (c) It was First developed in the Field of Law.


240. Zip’s Law of  Word frequency


241. 'Kinesis' is related to communication

242. Citation creators or citation generators are online tools which facilitate the creation of works

        cited and bibliographies. Citation creators use web forms to take input and format the output according

         to  guidelines and standards, such as the 

        Modern Language Association's MLA  Style Manual   (1985), 

        American Psychological Association's APA style1974 6th ed published in 2009,  

        The Chicago Manual of Style (1906)  (or) Kate L. Turabian format. Some citation creators generate

        only    run-time output, while  others Store the citation data for later use.


243. Who among the following honoured with ‘Nobel Prize’ for his substantial contribution in

         Documentation  Henri La Fontaine


244. LA is the Library Association of Great Britain 


245. Three great achievements in U.S.A. were noticed i.e. enunciation of DDC classification  scheme,

        formation of American Library Association and the publication of 1st Journal of the librarianship in the

        year 1876


246. MeSH is the name of a Controlled Vocabulary tool used in Pubmed. MEDLARS 1964


248. Who is regarded as father of bibliography ? Conrad Gesner


249. Linear model of communication in knowledge based on Aristotles’ model of communication was

        Proposed    by  C.E. Shannon & W. Weaver


250. Library Legislation refers to the development of Pubic Library


251. Calcutta Public Library was established during  19th Century in 1836, first state - aided public Library

        by  Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad


252. Mozila is Web browser


253. The Library Association found in 1877


254. Pure notation used in DDC


255. There are 4 National Libraries are receiving books through delivery of books and newspaper Act 1954

        Amended in year 1956.      


256. American country denotes in sears list of subject heading.


257. An appropriate source to find out descriptive information is Encyclopedia


258. The Farmington plan is associated with Library Cooperation


259. UNESCO assisted Model Public Library in India is located at Delhi


260. Shelf list facilitates Stock verification


261. A periodical evaluation of an employee is done through Performance appraisal

262. “Controlled Group” is a term used in Experimental research


263. ‘Noise’ in Information Retrieval is due to redundant information.


264. The concept “Invisible College” first used by  Derek Solla Price


265. Information Technology good keeper defied by Allent Kent


266. IFLA took up the “Universal Availability of Publication” program in the year 1972


267. International Information System on Research in Documentation (ISORID) was established by

       UNESCO  (NATIS) National Information System.


268. The relationship between ISBD and cataloguing codes Cataloguing codes will include bibliographic



269. COPSAT stands for  Current Online Patent in Science and Technology


270. Tagging in web 2.0 application is called  Syndication /Directory. Web 2.0 websites allow  users to do

        more than just retrieve information. Major features of Web 2.0 include social  networking sites, user

        created web sites, self-publishing platforms, tagging, and social bookmarking.


271. CBSE chairman Vineet Joshi.  Class XI and XII students in CBSE schools can now opt for library and

        information science (L.I.Sc) from 2014 to 2015 (Feb)


273. The concept of concretes and processes was given by  S. R. Ranganathan


274. High Level Language is  Machine independent


275. The transmission of receiver’s reaction back to the sender is known as  Feedback


276. Currently “Science Citation Index” is published by Thomson


277. Protocol means  Interchange of data between two computers,  A set of rules that govern overall at a

        communications system


278. Which of the following is an ‘Acronym’  UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural

        Organization, established in 1946


279. Staffing is concerned with providing and maintaining of Human resources.


280. Meaning of 'Translation Pools' is  Agency of the names of translation experts.


281. Stochastic equation of information solved by dynamic rules general equilibrium model.



        (stands for Software for University Libraries).



283. Whether Library is a system? Yes, it has various sections as sub-systems coordinating each other

         forming   a system.


284. The 'Five Laws of Library Science' propounded by Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, is which type of research

        Applied Research or Basic  Research.


285. Information Science is a discipline that investigates,  the properties and behaviour of  information the

        forces governing the flow of information, the means for processing of information for optimal uses.


286. The term 'Bibliophile' refers to a Book Lover.


287. Accession register record is the hub of the stack in a library.


288. In 1910 year A. W. Borden start a refresher course for librarians in India.


289Information may be categorized into 3 type, statistical, descriptive and analytical


290. Open source software for library management are  KOHA,  AVANT1, PHP and MyLibrary,  Evergreen,

         OPAL, PhpMyBibli, OpenBook, OpenBiblio, Greenstone Digital Library Software (GSDL), Dspace, Fedora


291. Modular system of library building facilitates Flexibility and expansion


292. Convention on Automation of Libraries in Education and Research Institutions  (CALIBER) is

        Conference is an annual convention, organized by INFLIBNET Centre in collaboration with different



293. Francis Bacon said 'some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed and some few to be  chewed

       and digested'.


294. Six sigma is a business management strategy developed by MOTOROLA company in USA  in  1981.

         It seeks to improve the quality of process output by identifying and removing  the cause of defect and

         minimizing variability in manufacturing and business process.

         It uses a set of quality management methods including statistical method and creates a special  

         infrastructure of people within the organization.
        Application in libraries:
        1) Developing specialized pool of library professionals
        2) Developing quality services
        3) Judicious budget allocation


295. Ku band used for Satellite Communication


296. ASK (Approach, Skill, Knowledge) principle is related to management


297. Which section of the library is known as hub of the staff Technical section.


298. Who suggested for Book Order Vigilance Pad (BOVP)? Dr.S. R. Ranganathan.


299. BSO in classification stands for Broad Subject Ordering.


300. The concept of Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) was introduced by H.P. Luhn of IBM

         in 1959


301. The book 'Library Administration' was brought out by Dr.S.R. Ranganathan in 1931


302. DRDC is the first centre to use computer in the library and information activities in India


303. The marketing concepts in Library Service include,  analysis, planning, implementation and control


304. Delivery of Book Act passed in the year 1954,  23rd April is an important date for Librarian as it is



305. In 1931 the International Institute of Documentation established


306. “Roger Payne" was famous in Book Binder


307. ‘Quality Circles’ in organization is used in Management Control


308. J.D.Brown was Published the monthly Journal “The Library World’


309. is the Architecture, Planning & Landscape Information Gateway - a global Gateway for

        information and a forum for its exchange.


310. EDWEB  is Networking, resource sharing, collaboration, and professional development for  

        The education community.


311. is a global Meta search engine. It provides extensive web search and fetches results from

        top search engines.


312.  is a search engine that finds what your looking for on the web, and returns relevant

        Web sites


313. is a specialized information organization online tool  


314. Retrospective search service is a type of Reference service


315. Propaedia part of new Encylopedia Britannica is useful for ready reference


310. E-Documents its means  in electronic form such as Cassettes, CD-ROMs, etc. 


311. Atlas call a collection of maps, tables, charts, etc.


312. 11 volumes are Micropaedia of new Encyclopedia Britannica is published


313. Encyclopedia Americana consists of 30 volums


314. Book in print published in Annually


315. National Bibliography is a List of books published in a particular Nation (BNP & INP)

316. Abstracting service provides whole bibliographic description of articles


317. Today’s fibre optic systems are a little like quicksand. With fibre optics, after a certain point, the

        more power you add to the signal, the more distortion you get, in effect preventing a longer reach,” said

        corresponding author Nikola Alic from the Qualcomm Institute at University of California – San Diego.


318. SDI service demands the creation of a ‘user’ profile


319. CAS is defined as a process of dissemination of current information


320. C.A. Cutter the Rules for Dictionary Catalogue


321. Secondary Entries is another name of Added entries


322. Sears List of Subject Heading Published from 1923(SLSH) use full for small and Medium Libraries,

        published by H.W. Wilson


323. MARC project completed in 1967 and launched 1968.


324. E.C.Richardson defined notation as short and sign.


325. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan  enunciated the five fundamental categories (PMEST)


326. In 1950 the different typological study towards mode of formation of subjects done


327. The word classification comes from the Latin word  Classis  


328. Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) is a conceptual entity- relationship

        model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) that

        relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a

        user’s perspective. It represents a more holistic approach to retrieval and access as the relationships

        between the entities provide links to navigate through the  hierarchy of relationships. The model is

        significant because it is separate from specific cataloguing standards such as AACR2 or International

       Standard Bibliographic  Description (ISBD). Four entity of FRBR model are  Work, Expression,

       Manifestation, Item. The FRBR Final Report was first published in print in 1998 by K.G. Saur as

       volume 19 of UBCIM  publications


329. Three great achievements in U.S.A. were noticed i.e.

          i) Enunciation of DDC classification scheme,

         ii) Formation of American Library Association and the publication of

        iii) First Journal of the librarianship in the year published 1876


330. There are 6 Auxiliary tables are in DDC 23rd Edition published 2011 June,  John S. Mitchell editor of

         the   22 & 23rd Edition published by OCLC.  Ist edition DDC Consisted of  44 pages


331. In DDC 17th  edition “Auxiliary Table for Area” was first introduced


332. Phoenix schedules are part of which classification of DDC allotted for feature purpose.


334. The Dewey Decimal Classification divides human knowledge into 10 basic categories.


335. The term pre-natal cataloguing first used by  Dr. S.R.Ranganathan, Its means Cataloguing  in Source


336. In CC LED stands for Latest Effective Decade


337. Accession Number means Unique Number for a book inside a particular library.


338. ISSN consist of 8 Digits, Journals or periodicals First part of ISSN represents (First digit  represents

        Name of Publisher and last digit represents Check Digit) ISSN international centre is based on  ISSN

        Centre is located in Parris. It was established in 1975.


339. Who is responsible to providing ISSN in India NISCAIR


340. ISBN (International Standard Book Number) changed from 10 digits to 13 from January  2007 ISBN

        format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) First  launched in

        1969.  In 2011 the ISBN allocation office in India shifted from Kolkatta to Delhi


341. ISBN 978,  3 digit belong to country represent of INDIAN Publication


342. ISBN contains 13 digit number 5 parts


343. First component of an ISBN number 1st Group Identification,2nd Publisher,   3rd Title Identifier,

        4th Check  Digit, 5th EAN (European Article Number) is similar to a UPC Number 


344. The ISO 3297 deal with ISSN


345. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, the father of Library and Information Science in  India, introduced  the  concept

        of    "trinity  in  library".  He says  that  "a  library  is  a  trinity  made up  of  books, reader and staffs


346. James Duff Brown  the pioneer of open access system in British libraries in 1932


347. J.D. Brown enunciated the Subject Classification, 1906


348. The Title ‘Treatment of Lung disease” is an example of Compound Subject


349. Luther Gulick, an American has described the functions of an executive in terms of an acronym

        POSDCORB, representing Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing, COordinating, Reporting and

        Budgeting. Its related to Library Administration


350. Stoner define that the concept of construction  and destruction more democratic and less authorities


351. Herbert Simon define Authority as the power to make decision and audience to other”

352. Linedex system used for displaying the periodicals holding


353. Kardex used maintain a visible record of periodical in library


354. Reference was defined by James I wyer In 1935


355. James Wyer In 1930 propounded 'Conservative, moderate and liberal theories of reference service'


356. There are three types of Reference services theories presented by James Wyer In 1930


357. Samuel Rothstein expanded Wyer’s theory in 1960 by characterizing reference service as “minimum,’

        ‘middling’ and ‘maximum


358. IPR stands for Intellectual Property Right


359. Asa Don Dickson wrote the Punjab Library primer


360. The term “Truncation & Boolean operators are is used in Search Formulation and Online information

        Retrieval the logical operator “AND”, “OR”, “NOT”, were devised by George Boole. The Boolean

        retrieval model is the standard model for current large-scale retrieval systems. Boolean Algebra used in

        Information Retrieval ,‘AND” is productive


361. Boole is known as the "father of the information age" because of his contributions to modern

         computer science through his invention of Boolean algebra.  200th year Birthday on 2/11/2015.

         The Boolean model is very rigid: AND means “all”; OR means “any”.


362. Performance Budgeting does not take into account what happened in the past but emphasizes on current



363. There are a few basic factors which may be applied in winning the hearts of the readers. They are

        Technological factor, service factor, and self factor.


364. Physical condition of the books should be property maintained Conservation


365. Shelf  list is an important record of books, which shows the position of any book on the Shelves.


366. Books lost from the library are known through Charging and discharging


367. Following technologies semantic web are RDF, Ontologies, URI


368. Generally a reference service of a library in the conventional form is processed through the stages

       which  are  Preparation, Service, and Assimilation


369. User education may be provided in four interrelated areas which are User's awareness,  user studies,

        library orientation, bibliographic instruction


370. Greenstone3 : A modular digital library by Katherine Don. Department of Computer Science

        University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand


371. In 1985  CD-ROM was prepared and made


372. ISO-9960 is related with Standard for encoding data on CD-ROM  


373. Bug is a  Error in a Programme   


374. Programming language are  FORTRAN, BASIC, COBOL, PASCAL, C, C++, JAVA


375. The First electronic computer is ENIAC stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator


376. NICNET and INDONET are WAN  networks category


378. ASCII code consist of  256


379. Raw, unevaluated, unprocessed and unorganized facts is known as Data


380. INTERNET was initially developed by US Department of Defense


381. Information retrieval is fastest from  Hard Disk 


382. An University providing Open Access to Sanskrit dissertations through Internet Delhi University


383. Internet is built around the idea of openness. It allows people to connect and exchange information

        freely,  if the information or service is not illegal. Much of this is because of the idea of net

        neutrality. is an idea derived from how telephone lines have worked since the beginning of the 20th

        century. In case of a telephone line, you can dial any number and connect to it. It does not matter if you

        are calling from operator A to operator B. It doesn't matter if you are calling a restaurant or a drug

       dealer. The operators  neither block the access to a number nor deliberately delay connection to a

        particular number, unless forced  by the law.  Some countries have rules that enforce net neutrality but

        most don't. Instead, the principle is followed because that is how it has always been. It is more of a

        norm than a law 


384. UNIX is a  Multi user operating system


385. The CD alphabets in CDS/ISIS stands for  Computerized Documentation  


386. LYCOS, Dogpil, Google, Yahoo are  Search Engine


387. Electronic telecommunications system joining millions of computers together in Internet


388. Following is are a social bookmarking site are Diggt, Delicious, Facebook, Orkut, Lislinks.


389. Following is  a network protocol are  HTTP, SMTP, TCP/IP


390. LOCKOSS (Software) is an international community initiative by Stanford University


391. PDA stands for  Personal Digital Assistant


392. Pi is the e-book reading device by  Infibeam

393. PLONE, Joomla, Jumbo, Opencms, Fedora, Drupal, Opensourcecms, Alfresco, Dspace, OpenCMS,

        Kumera,  Microsoft Office 365, Microsoft Live there are many Content Management Software (CMS)  

        freely available


394. Twitter is an example of microblogging


395. International standard organization  invented OSI Model in 1982


396. ISDN was first started in 1990 at Singapore


397. Now-a-days there are 2  types of Protocol are used


398. X.25 type of protocol is used by interface for Public Data Network (PDN)


399. ISID  is E-Bibliographic database publisher


400. in publication since 1909, Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)


401. "Shodhganga" is a national level repository of  E-Theses


402. Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms Numerical Aptitude/

         Profeesional aptitude         


403. RFID technology is used in Thieft/ Circulation Control   (Check-In /Check-Out)


404. The essential qualities of a researcher are,  Spirit of free enquiry, Reliance on observation and evidence,

        systematization or theorizing of knowledge      


405. A research paper is a brief report of research work based on  Both Primary and Secondary Data 


406. In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis’ is followed by Selection of

       Research Tools    


407. The process of configuring the disk into tracks and sector is called   Formatting


408. MEDLINE a public domain database, It’s contains journal citations and abstracts for biomedical

        literature from around the world. ( free access, published by NLM National Library of

        Medicine US.


409. CD-ROM is a process of information


410. The collection of terms or records in MARC called Database 


411. Bibliomentry is Information Management


412. Microchip was invented by Intel


413. Identify the association that has changed its original name SLA


414. Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook

415. ‘Many Voices One World’ published by UNESCO,

416. Henri La Fontaine 22 April 1854 – 14 May 1943, he was a Belgian international lawyer and president of

        the International Peace Bureau. He was received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913.


417. UNESCO assisted Model Public Library in India is located at Delhi


418. GUI stands for  Graphic User Interface


419. LurnQ – Social online learning platform for Learners and Teachers


420. Information Requirements of the Social Science (INFROSS) is an important study frequently quoted in

        Experimental Research


421. Folksonomy means Free Classification of Information, in web 2.0 . Folksonomy is Collaborative

        knowledge organisation system.   Term introduced by Thomas Vander Wal


422. Chairman of National Knowledge Commission is Sam Pitroda


423. Library is a system, it has various sections as sub-systems coordinating each other forming a system


424. Patricia B. Knapp  contributed on the systematic use of user's education


425. Web 3.0 its most important features are the Semantic Web and personalization. Focusing on the

       computer elements, Conrad Wolfram has argued that Web 3.0 is where "the computer is generating new

        information", rather than humans.


426. In 1972 the International Book Year celebrated by UNESCO


427. Shannon & Weaver have given quantifiable definition of Information mathematical model in

        “Quantity  Theory of Information” (1949)


428. The word Information Science first Described by Chris Hanson of ASLIB 1956


429. Information Science Wesig (1993) coined  Postmodern Science


430. Brascom (1986) defied Information Society (American Society for Information Science)


431. Copyright production for works last 50 to 70 years, 23rd April is an important Date for librarian as it is



432. Chairmanship of Prof. D.P. Chattaopadhyaya, Chairman RRLF by dept of Culture I oct1985.  

        The committee was named as Committee On National Policy on Library and Information system)

        (set up in 1985 CONPOLIS) submitted on 1986




433. Dr. S.R. Ranganathan enumerated five laws of Library Science (1931)

        1) Books are for Use  (Related to location of library, hour of library)

        2) Every Reader His/Her Book  (Obligation)

        3) Every Books its reader (Arrangement)

        4) Save the time of the reader

        5) Library is a growing organism (weeding out collection 5th law related)


434. Library Act of India was passed in the Madras Legislature out of the efforts made by

        MALA (Madras Library Association). This bill was passed in the year 25th November 1948.


435. American ASA DON DICKSON Started part time Apprenticeships program in librarianship in

        1915 at Punjab University Lahore


436. In 1920 Andhra Desa Library Association  Vijayawada training classes for library work


437. Melvil Dewey student W.A. Borden who had come to Baroda in 1911(who initiated a training program

         in libararianship). Melvil Dewey as the American counter part of S.R. Ranganathan. Melvil Dewey:

        A Bibliography (1944) written by Frement Rider


438. 1920 training program imitated at Bangalore by dawn of Mysore Sir. M. Vishweswaraiah


439. 1929 MALA conducted regular certificate course


440. 1935 Andhra University started a certificate course (But it was stopped shortly)


441. In 1936 university of Madras started diploma course


442. The imperial library Kolkata (Now known as National Library of India started full time diploma courses

        librarianship in year 1935)


443. Banaras Hindu University (1942) and Bombay 1943 started library science course


444. In 1947 Delhi university established PG Diploma course in LIS


445. In 1957 Aligarh Muslim University the first University in India (BLIS course started)


446. In 1960 polytechnics in Delhi, Chandigarh and Bangalore were also started diploma library science



447. ILA Initiative of K.M. ASadullah, Librarian, imperial library of Culcuta, (All India First library

        Conference  was in the astic society hall Calcutta 12th September 1933.


448. Library day is 20th December


449. Library week celebrated 14th to 20th November (the memories of Pandit Jawharla Nehru) annually since



450. 12th August, 1892 Dr.S.RR Birthday as Librarians Day


451. Abburi  Shiyali Research award for Best LIS Research


452. Vedanvayaki fellowship for MLIS students


453. PV.Varghese Prize for best article published in ILA


454. Dr. Umpathi fellowship for LIS students


455. AGBILA (Annals, Bulletin and Grandhalay of Indian Library Association)


456. IASLIC (Indian Association of Special Libraries and Information Centre. 25th June 1955 (ASLIB) UK

        and SLA (USA). Mr. Gosh & Muherjee


457. IASLIC Bulletin published Quarterly


458. Indian Library Science (1967) annual published


459. ILA Kaula award for best Librarian


460. Dr.S.R.Ranganathan's autobiography, published serially during his life, is titled “A Librarian Looks



461. The Government of India awarded padmashree to Dr. S. R. Ranganathan for valuable contribution  in

         Library Science in 1965


462. IATLIS (Indian Association of Teachers of Library and Information Science.) Prof P.N. Kaula and

        Dr. D.B, Krishna were the initiators of IATLIS (Dr.S.R.R) endowment lecture 19/12/1965


463. IATLIS Moti wala best teachers award


464. IATLIS Ratna Laxman rao award for women professionals.


465. Society for Information Science (SIS) New Delhi in 1976


467. Library Association (LA UK) was founded on 5th OCT 1877 (London)


468. Public libraries act UK in 1892. BNB(1950) Relation with IFLA & UNESCO (Publication AACRI&II)



469. ASLIB (Association for Information Management) founded in 1924


470. ALA (American Library Association) 1876 located chicago, it was started By Melvil Dewey


471. AACR -1 in year 1967 launched in 1968 and AACR-II in the year 1978


472. SLA (Special Libraries Association) it was established in the year 1909 (Briton conference of ALA)



473. FID (International Federation for Information and Documentation) it was established in 1895 by (Paul

        Otlet and Henry la Fontain with the aim of compiling universal bibliography  of Literature. 

        Development  of UBC the name FID adopted in the year 1933 located Hague.


474. The symbols &,+,=,* are employed in which edition of CC: 7th edition


475. Bradford's Law of Scattering has been further examined by B.C. Vickery


476. The Host Institution for National Centre for Bibliometrics (NCB) is INSDOC


477. INTERNET was born in 1969 as:  APRANET




479. Flow chart - A graph Picture that shows program logic


480. Zato Coding was invented by Calvin Mooers


481. In a library Subject Specialist and Systems Librarian positions are staff positions


482. Acquisition of foreign periodicals is generally done through Subscription Vendors


483. In CC, the four facets in Basic class “O: (Literature) stands in the following sequences for Language,

        Form, Author, Work.


484. Post coordinate Indexes overcome difficulties created by Synonymous terms


485. Dr. C.D. Deshmukh, the first Chairman of UGC (1956) in UGC  2010 S.K Thorat,  now Prof. Ved

        Prakash 2011 to till.


486. E.C. Richardson is the author of Book “Classification : Theoreticals and Practical”


487. Patron saint of Libraries in America,  Andrew Carnegie donated 2 million pounds for development of

        Library Building.


488. C.A. Cutter coined  “Author Mark in Classification number”.


489. EFTS stands for Electronic Fund Transfer System


490. You can find Broader Terms(BT), Narrower Terms(NT) and Related Terms(RT) in thesaurus.


491. BISNET was launched by  FICCI to provide a wide variety of business information service.  


492. Which database provides information on the ongoing investment activities in India ? cap ex


493. JCCC stands for J-Gate Custom Content Consortia UGC-Infonet Digital Library Consortium was

        formally launched in December, 2003 by Honourable Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam.



495. Geodata and Information Division  -  Kolkata

        Central Drug Research Institute       - Pune

        Central Salt and Marine Chemical Research Institute – Bhavanagar

        Fishery Survey of India                   - Mumbai


496. The Document Supply Center of the British Library was formly known as LENDING DIVISION


497. V.I.N.I.T.I is the national documentation center of:  RUSSIA


498. The acronym F.I.D currently stands for: INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION FOR  INFORMATION



499. The Basic information role of a library is to:  Collect and disseminate information


500. The National Library of India was declared to open to public on 1st. February, 1953 by Moulana Abdul

         Kalam Azad


501. August 14, 1850 is a red letter day in British Library development because:  Public  Libraries bill

         receiving  Royal assent


502. The biggest library in the world is:  LIBRARY OF CONGRESS


503. The first library association formed in India is:  The Bengal Library association


504. The author of Manual of Library Economy is:   J.D. Brown


505. Library literature is a tertiary source of information


505. The frequency of Data India is Weekly by Press Institute of India Founded in 1963,


506.  The National Knowledge Resource Consortium (NKRC), established in year 2009, is a network of

          libraries and information centers of 39 CSIR and 24 DST institutes. NKRC's origin goes back to the

          year 2001, when the CSIR set up the Electronic Journals Consortium to provide access to 1200 odd

          journals of  Elsevier Science to all its users. Developed by NISCAIR, New Delhi. Access of Science

        Direct (Elseiver Subject  collections wise) has been activated for all member institutions from

        1st January, 2012.


507. Current awareness bulletin is information products


508. In 1966 , the MARC as a pilot project was launched  library of congress, 260 tag is MARC

        Format marks the Publication Information.


509. SAARC documentation centre was established in 1985


510. A questonnaire designed with open-ended questions is known as flexible. The Answers may

         be filled in by the respondent


511. Non-sampling errors(nse) are referred to as the errors measurement  


512. The libraries identified by INFLIBNET to act as document delivery centers are

         1.University of Hyderabad Library & 2. Lucknow University Library


513. Which of the following are trade bibliographies?  author profile & user profile


514. Which of the following are trade bibliographies? authority, leadership, accountability


515. Dr. Ranganathan's canons of classification as grouped into three planes of work are number,

        common isolate and connecting symbol


516. CLASS library circulation control


517.  The Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS), a division of the American

         Library Association, is now accepting grant applications for the ALCTS online Fundamentals courses,

         For course sections


518. D.B. Krishna Rao. Delhi university in 1957 First PhD in Lib & Inf.Science in India


519. DEL-PLUS: This software was designed and developed by Developing Library Network (DELNET)


520. CD stands for "Automatización de Bibliotecasy Centros de Documentación" (Spanish),which means:

        Library and Documentation Centers Automation. Its development is promoted and coordinated by

        BIREME, with the support of VLI


521. e-Granthalaya is a library automation software from National Informatics Centre, Department of

        Information Technology, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.


522. Evergreen: Evergreen is an open source library management software, freely licensed under the GNU

       GPL. It was first launched in September, 2006 in Georgia's PINES consortium.


523. FireFly: FireFly  is a Complete Public Library system. It is being written in Python, Perl, with all data

        being stored in XML. The driving force behind this project is to give public libraries a Free-Software

        set to  run and maintain library systems.


524. Koha is the world's first open-source Integrated Library System (ILS) and it is distributed free of cost

       (open source, and so no license fee, ever). It was initially developed in New Zealand by Katipo

       Communications Ltd and first deployed in January of 2000 for  Horowhenua Library Trust.


525. Library Information and Management System (LIMS): LIMS is a unique library system, designed,

        developed, implemented and fully tested by library professionals. It is distributed free of cost to the

        libraries. Website:


526. LibSys 7: It is a web based library software product from Libsys Ltd., Gurgaon, Haryana


527. NewGenLib: NewGenLib the first Indian Open Source Software, is an integrated library management

        system developed by Verus  Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domain expertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of

        Information and   Knowledge Management in Hyderabad, India. On 9th January 2008, NewGenLib was

        declared as Open Source Software under GNU GPL License by Verus Solutions.


528. Sanjay: The NISSAT sponsored a project to DESIDOC for developing programmes on UNESCO’s

        CDS/ISIS for enabling a library to do acquisition, circulation, etc. DESIDOC has successfully modified

        The  programme and a new package based on CDS/ISIS was released in 1992 by the name of SANJAY

        released  in 1995.


529. SOUL 2.0: Software for University Libraries (SOUL) is the state-of-the-art library automation software

        designed and developed by the INFLIBNET Centre, Ahmedabad


530. WEBLIS is a free-of-charge Web based Library Integrated System based on CDS/ISIS. The system has

        been developed by the Institute for Computer and Information Engineering (ICIE), Poland.


531. Berne Convention: The international convention for protection of literary and artistic works was first

        signed at Berne on 9th September, 1886.


532. VIRTUAILS  :  VTLS, Virginia

SLIM             :  Algorithms, Pune

SOUL            :  INFLIBNET

e-Library       :  Phoebus Info. Tech

New Genlib  :   VERUS SOLUTION.


ALICE          :   Soft Link


533.  Important act establishment

·                     Communication: Communication Bill, 2000;

·                     Copyright: The Copyright Act of 1957 (last amended in 1994);

·                     Designs: The Design Act 1911;

·                     Information Technology: Information Technology Act 2000;

·                     Patent: The Patent Act 1970 (changes bought in 1994);

·                     Trade Mark: The Trade Merchandise Mark Act 1958, etc.


534. Association for Information Management (ASLIB): An exploratory conference held at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire in 1924 resulted in a decision to form the Association of special Libraries and Information Bureau (ASLIB). In 1983, name of the Association was changed to “Association for information Management”, but as the association is well know as ASLIB, its acronym retained. (journal of Documentation (quarterly)).


535. The short term "blog," was coined by Peter Merholz in 1999.  Evan Williams at Pyra Labs used

       "blog"  as both a noun and verb ("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to one's weblog")


536. "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17th  December 1997.


537. Bengal Library Association: Bengal Library Association (Bangiya Granthagar Parishad),    formerly known as All Bengal Library Association, was established in 1925 under the presidentship of Poet Rabindranath Tagore. Kolkata. The first periodical on Library Science in Bengal was published by the Bengal Library Association in 1937 as “Bengal Library Association Bulletin – Bangiya Granthagar Parishad Patrika”.


538. A Bulletin Board System, or BBS, is a computer system running software that allows users  to connect

        and log in to the system using a terminal program (The largest such network was FidoNet).

539. Bulletin Board System. From a technological standpoint, forums or boards are web applications

        managing user-generated content.Early Internet forums could be described as a web version of an

        electronic mailing list or newsgroup (such as exist on Usenet)


540. LIS-Forum is an e-mail based discussion forum for Library and Information professionals in India. It is

        operated and maintained by NCSI, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. It was established in the year

        1995 with support from NISSAT, DSIR, Govt. of India.


541. L. R. McColvin: Theory of Book Selection (1925): demanded by the users for their information needs.


542. Ranganathan: Library book selection  Five Laws in 1931


543. Dewey’s Principle: According to Dewey, large number least cost.


544. CIP (Cataloging in Publication) system begin in 1971 by LC (Library of Congress)


545. British Library’s Automated Information Service (BLAISE): 1977 April, Useful in the field of



546. UGC Library Committee way back in 1957 suggested for a provision of Rs. 16 per student  and  Rs. 200

        per teacher. Kothari Commission in 1966 suggested for allocation of Rs. 25 per student and Rs. 300 per

        teacher. Report emphasizes on College and University  Library.


547. Zero Based Budget: It was developed by Peter Phyor in 1970 to achieve greater effective Planning and

        fiscal control. The term “zero based” is derived from the first step in the process- the development of a

        hierarchy of functions based on the assumption that the unit or agency is starting operation for the first

        time.  The budget is concerned with future use.  It means Budgeting afresh. This budget is without

       giving consideration. To the previous year’s budget.


548. 1. Agricola  US. : DEPT OF AGRICULTURE

          2. ABI/ Inform   : Data Courier Inc., USA

          3. CA Search     :  AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

          4. LISA             :   Bowker and Saur, London

          5. Scisearch        :  British Library, U.K.

          6. Books in Print :  R.R. BOWKER  U.S.A





          There are 10 sectoral system has been established :

  1. NICLAI (Leather Technology)  CLRI Chennai
  2. NICFOS (Food Technology)  CFTRI Mysore
  3. NICMAP (Machine Tools and Products)  Centre machine and tools, Banglore
  4. NICDAP (Drug and Pharmaceuticals)  CDRI, Lucknow
  5. NICTAS (Textiles and Allied Subjects) ATIRA Ahmedabad

  6. NICHEM (Chemicals NCL,) Pune
  7. NICAS ( Glass and Ceramics) CGRI, Kolkatta
  8. NICRYS ( Crystallaography, dept crystallographys and Biophysics, University of Madras)
  9. NCB  (Bibliometrics) NISCAR, Delhi

  10. CDROM National Aero Space (NICDROM) Banglore


550.  CSIR     : 1942                 ICSSR   : 1969

         ICMR    : 1969                ICHR    : 1971

         ICPR     : 1981


551.  ILO           :  1919        

         FAO          : 1945

         UNESCO  : 1946

         WIPO        :  1970


552.  DELENT      1988

         INFLIBNET 1991

         BONET        1992

         CALIBNET  1993


553. COURTNIC   1991

        SUPLIS        1992

        MLIBNET     1993

        MYLIBNET  1995


554.  ICAR   1936

        UGC    1953

        DRDO 1958

        DST     1971


554. MEDLARS 1964 -UA

        INIS 1970

        INFOTERRA 1972

        AGRIS  1974







556. INSPEC                           - IEE UK (Index & Abstract Journals)

        CAS                                -  ACS UK

        AGRIS                -  FAO ROAM

        INIS                    -  IAEA – VIENNA

        BIOSIS               -  UA

        MEDLARS         -  UA


557. Ranganathan's canons of classification as grouped into three planes of work are IDEA,VERBAL AND



558.   1) Wheat Loan Educational Exchange programme (1951-61)

         2) Book Banks (1963-64)

         3) Regional Library Centre (1974)

559. The National Library of Indian  a critical Study Written by  D.S.Kesavan


560.  SAARC Documentation Centre, established in the year 1994 in India, is one of the Regional  Centre of

       SAARC.  The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established

        8th December 1985 by the Heads of State or Government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives,

       Nepal, KriPakistan and SriLanka


561.  International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD): In 1961, at the International Conference on Cataloguing Principles held in Paris, stress was laid on the need of standardization in bibliographic description. IFLA was formulated and brought out.


562. Turnitin Anti Plagiarism Web Application tool, viper are few softwares for plagirarism, few are available online for free access, Turnitin is the best software for check plagiarism, any documents. if your plagiarism % is 23 it means ur ducuments is fully fresh. Bharathidasan university to use anti-plagiarism software before awarding Ph.D, the UGC has recommended ‘URKUND’ software. (Percentage for copying the information from cited documents)


563. Data Mining: Data mining means the extraction of hidden predictive information from  large databases.

        It is the process of analyzing data from different perspectives and  summarizing it into useful

        information that can be used to increase revenue, cuts costs, or both. It is "the nontrivial extraction of

        implicit, previously unknown, and potentially useful information from data". Technically, data mining

        is the process of finding correlations or patterns among dozens of fields in large relational databases.

        Data Mining is also called as data or knowledge discovery. Data mining software is one of a number of

        analytical tools for analyzing data.


564. DESIDOC started functioning in 1958 as Scientific Information Bureau (SIB). Defence Science

        Laboratory (DSL) which is presently called as Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC).

        The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) library which had its beginning in 1948

        became a division of Scientific Information Bureau (SIB) in 1959.  The  Centre was functioning in the

        main building of Metcalfe House, a landmark in Delhi and a  national monument. In August 1988 it

        moved to its  newly built five-storied building in the same Metcalfe House complex. Since it became a

        self-accounting unit. DESIDOC has been functioning as a central information resource for DRDO.

        It provides science &   technology information.


565. Developing Library Network (formerly Delhi Library Network). It is the first operational  library network in India. It was started as a project of the India International Centre in January 1988 with the initial, financial and technical assistance by National Information System for Science and Technology (NISSAT), Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India. It was registered as a society in June 1992 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 and is currently being promoted by the National Informatics Centre (NIC), Planning Commission, Govt. of India and India International Centre, New Delhi.


566. The term “Web 2.0” was officially coined in 2004 by Dale Dougherty, a vice-president of  O’Reilly

        Media  Inc. Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites,

        hosted services, web applications, mashups and folksonomies.




567. CCF An international symposium in Taormina, Sicily conducted by UNESCO was held in April, 1978.

        First edition of CCF was published in 1984 under the editorship of Peter Simmons and Alan.  Hopkins

       and  its second edition was published in 1988 in two volumes called CCF/B and  CCF/F.

       DATE Field I) Indicator, II) Sub Fields: III) Field Separator: iv) Record Separator


568. Social Network: A social network or online community is a web based service focuses on building

        online  communities of people who share interests and / or activities by a variety of  ways. Example.

        YouTube  (video) Flickr (photographs) and Odeo (podcasts), Myspace,  and Facebook.


 569. IFLA conference was held in Grenoble in 1973. After the conference two documents- ISBD

        (M) and ISBD (S) were published. In 1975, the General International Standard

         Bibliographic  Description [ISBD (G)] was developed .


        The ISBD prescribes eight (8) areas of description.

        Standardized punctuation (colons, semicolons, slashes, dashes, commas, and periods) is used  

        to identify and separate the elements and areas. The order of elements and standardized

        punctuation make it easier to interpret bibliographic records when one does not understand the

        language of the description.

1: title and statement of responsibility area, with the contents of

1.1 Title proper

1.2 General material designation. GMDs are generic terms describing the medium of the item.

1.3 Parallel title

1.4 Other title information

1.5 Statements of responsibility (authorship, editorship, etc.)

2: Edition area

3: material or type of resource specific area (for example, the scale of a map or the numbering

    of a periodical)

4: Publication, production, distribution, etc., area

5: Physical description area (for example: number of pages in a book or number of CDs issued

   as a unit)

6: Series area

7: Notes area

8: Resource identifier (e.g. ISBN, ISSN) and terms of availability area


570.  1) Library Committee 1957 Dr. S.R. Ranganathan

         2) Review Committee on Library Science 1961 By Dr. S.R. Ranganathan

         3) Education Commission (1964-1966 D.S. Kothari)

         4) Mehotra Committee (1983) R.C Mehrotra

         5) Committee on National Network system of University Libraries (1988) Prof. Yash Pal

         6) Curriculum development committee in LIS (1990)  chairmanship Prof. P.N.Kaula. 

              The report of this committee was published in 1993

         7) Prof. C.R. Karisiddappa Committee on Curriculum Development in Library and

               Information  Science (2001).  The Committee discussed all the aspects of the Curriculum

             and fully proposed modular syllabi for India Universities.


571. Universal Machine Readable Catalogue (UNIMARC) appeared for monograph and serial in

       1977 to facilitate the international Exchange of bibliographic data in machine readable

       Form. UNIMARC follows the ISO communication format ISO-2709 (1981). By IFLA


572. E-journal consortia was started in October 1, 2003 UGC (ccess to various e-journals formally began on

        January 1, 2004.) co-operation between UGC, ERNET, the inter  university centre, INFLIBNET.


Research Methodology


573. Descriptive  Research

-              Survey and fact finding enquiries

-              Description of the state of affairs

-              Ex pot facto research

-              No control over the variables

-              Report only what has happened & what is happening. (e.g., frequency of shopping, preference of people)


574. Analytical Research

-              With facts and information already available

-              Analyse and make the critical evaluation method.


575. Applied (Action Research)

-              Finding solution for an immediate problem

-              Concerned with actual life and social problems

-              Removes prejudices, preconception and false ideas. (company/Industry/social)


576. Fundamental (Basic Research)

-              Concerned with generalisation and formation of theory (Human Behaviors)

-              To discover new but broad principles


577. Quantitative 

-              Based on measurement of quantity

-              Determine the relationship between the variables


578. Qualitative

-              Concerned with qualitative phenomena

-              Aims to discover the motives of human behaviour


579. Conceptual

-              Related to some abstract idea or theory

-              To develop new concepts or to reinterpret existing ones


580. Empirical (experimental research)

-              Relies on experience or observation alone

-              Is a data-based research

-              To test hypothesis of casual relationship between the variables

581. Historical Research

            -          Aims to apply reflective thinking to unsolved problems

-              Source like, documents, remains etc.

-              Based on past events/ideas facts and attitudes

-              Social insight and historical orientation is necessary

-              Conclusion and decision oriented

582. State of the Art study is the highest level of development, as of a device, technique,

        or scientific field, achieved at a particular time.


583. PILOT STUDY Consumer-research study done on a trial basis to determine the potential  of a larger

        and  more in-depth survey of the same subject matter; also called pilot survey. A  pilot  study is used in

        segmentation product usage, and attitudinal, motivational.


584. Research Design  Blue Print, Concept Structure, Measurement and analysis of data.  

        To help smooth sailing, Advance planning, Avoid flaws and inadequacies


585. Hypothesis an assumption or supposition to be proved, A predictive statement, To be tested


586. Two types of HYPOTHEISIS  NULL Hypothesis and Alternative Hypothesis


587. Z- Test : is based on the normal probability distribution and is used to judging the  significance of

        several statistical measures, particular mean comparing from large population.


588. T- test or binomial distribution, is applicable on the presumption that such a distribution tends to

        approximate normal distribution n become larger. ( Judging significant different).  It is applied when the

        sample series is Small number. 


589   Measures of Central tendency – Mean, Median and Mode

Measure of dispersion – range, mean deviation and standard deviation

Measure of asymmetry – skewness and kurtosis

Measures of relationship – correlation and regression


590. Chi –Square Test

1.  X2 pronounced as Ki – square

2.  As a non parametric test (can used two classifications and independents)

3.  Test applicable in large number of population

4.  It’s used to compare observed data with data we would expect to obtain according to

            a specific hypothesis

        I) Test the goodness of fit

       II) Test the significance of association between two attributes

      III) Test the homogeneity  (or) the significance of population variance.


591. Observation method data collecting, It is for behavioural sciences, Bias is eliminated, Data relates to

        what  is happening, Independent of respondents’ willingness


592. Schedule, method is collection of data through questionnaire but filled by enumerators


593. Sampling is the – smaller representation,


594. Simple Random Sampling,  Restricted random Sampling

          1) Stratified       2) Systematic   3) Cluster & Area      4) Sequential


595. Non-Probability or Non-Random  (Accidental,  Quota,  Purposive, Convenience)



596. Layout of Research Report

 A. Preliminary pages – preface, foreword, table of contents, list of tables and illustrations

 B. Main Text -    Introduction -subject matter, statement of   problem, objectives, ROL,

      significance,  scope, conceptual framework, methodology adopted, limitation and     


 - Analysis and Interpretation of data

 - Statement of findings and recommendation

 - Conclusion

 - Suggestions for future research

 C. End Matter – Bibliography, appendix, Index


597. Good Research Report

·     Title of the study

·     Statement of the problem

·     Review of Literature

·     Area and scope of study

·     Objectives of the study

·     Formulation of Hypothesis

·     Definition of concepts

·     Methodology

·     Sampling Design

·     Constructing of questionnaire

·     Collecting of data

·     Analysis of data

·     Interpretation of results

·     Reporting and finding conclusion (Results)




598. Bureaucratic stated by – Max Weber written the book of Theory of Social and Economic Organisation


599. Charles Babbage – inventor of calculating machine


600. Frederic Winslow Taylor- author of the Principal of scientific management theory scientific principles

         Differential Rate System


601.14 principle by Henry Foyal

602. Father of Human relation – Elton Mayo

603. Industrial psychology - hugo munsterberg : concepts borrowed from experimental Psychology


604. Hierarchy of needs – psychological needs theory –Abraham

605. Douglas McGregor – x y theory: learned helplessness theory

606. Kris Argyris : Theory of Maturity & Immaturity: managers should develop an individual from  passivity to increased self determination


607. Autocharing first introduced in 1934in St Louris country public library



608. Management by objectives: Peter Drucker – 1951 written the famous book “The practice of



609. Photocharging method has become popular in British Public libraries first introduced by

        Ralph R. Shaw  who was the Librarian of the Agriculture Library in Washington (USA)


610. Henri Herzberg: two factor theory: motivator’s factor & satisfiers/hygiene/maintenance Factor


611. Two Kinds of information Documentary sources

              Primary, Secondary and Tertiary sources  grouped by  Grogan

              Ranganathan divided into Conventional, non-conventional, neo- conventional and

            micro-documents Non-Documentary sources

              Formal and Informal sources



612. LibLime was founded in 2005 by Joshua Ferraro, a systems administrator who helped spearhead the

       migration project of moving the Athens County Public Libraries in Ohio to OpenSource Koha. In March

       2007, LibLime acquired the Koha division of Katipo Communications Ltd - the original developers of

      Koha. Newzeland.


613. Web Dewey is the name of Online version of DDC


614. Wheat Load educational exchange programmed initiated in 1951


615. A front specie is a Title page of Book


616. Ranking, Classification, Factor Comparison, Point system method of used for Job Evalution


617. PLANNER (Promotion of Library Automation and Networking in North Eastern Region)

          Programme conducted by  INFLIBNET


618. The UGC of Great Britain was established in 1919




620. Symposium is a conference or meeting to discuss a particular subject. A collection of  essays or papers

        on  a particular subject by a number of contributors.


621. Workshop is a series of educational and work sessions. Small groups of people meet  together over a

        short period of time to concentrate on a defined area of concern


622. A meeting for consultation or discussion: a conference between a student and her adviser,  the act of

        conferring or consulting together; consultation, esp. on an important or serious  matter.


623. A number of devices that are related to recall and precision have been studied by Lancaster




624. Theory Z is a name applied to three distinctly different psychological theories. One was developed by

        Abraham H. Maslow in his paper Theory Z and the other is Dr. William Ouchi's so-called "Japanese

        Management" style popularized.


625. An entry that is made for the subject of a chapter in a book is referred to as Book Index Entry.


626. Cross References   is a  space  saver  and  serves  to  prevent  duplication. However,  it  is  not

         worthwhile to  use  a  cross  reference  if  the  length  of  the  cross reference  takes  more  space  than

        listing (repeating)  the  page  numbers.  Here duplication is  permissible.   In  making  a  cross

        reference,  be  sure  the  exact  words  of the  referenced  heading  are used.  Also  make  sure  there  is

        such  an  entry.  Follow the  capitalization  style  you  have  used  for  index  entries  (“See  also

        education”  if common noun  entries  are  lowercase,  “See  also  Education”  if  all  entries  are



627. User studies in Social sciences was carried out by Kuhn


628. In Sears, List of Subject Headings preferred headings are indicated by Marking them as

        preferred headings


629. The component of an ISO-2709 meant primarily machine processing of the record Is the Label


630.  Preparation, service and assimilation are the main stages involved in User Education


631. According to CCC, the heading for work with three authors is The first author


632. Desirableness of personal contact between reader and library material was stressed by

        Samuel H. Green


633. The Optical Co-Incidence method used in Uniterm Indiexing

634. Carol Kuhlthau – ISB is of 8 Key acticivites

635. David Ellis – 8 stage

636. MJ Belkin ISB is 4 Mimension characteristic

637. Marchionnini - ISB is a6 stage process

638. Mobile Digital Library eg. C-DAC

639. Traditional Knowledge Eg TKDL

640. Indian Cultural Heritage eg. IGNCA

641. Race & Brittle Documents  e.g. National Library


642. Paul Otlet used the term ‘Documentation’ for the first time in a lecture at the International Congress at

        Brussels in 1920. Paul otlet and Henri La Fontaine founded International  Institute of Bibliography


643. Principles of ‘Later-in-Time is one of the Five Laws of Library Science

644. A big difference between the mean and median is an indication that  there is a wide variation in

        the data


645. The table standard subdivision helps a classification scheme to ensure consistency


646. Canon of recall value is the another name of canon of sought headings


647. Standard web browser (e.g., Netscape, Mozilla, Opera, MS Internet Explorer, Chroma and  Safari)


648. A skillful method of providing means mechanism and structural elements to streamline organizational

        work is known as  Strategic 


649. First generation computer is UNIVAC  build by Manuchly & Eekert


650. What is the thickness of Catalogue cards used in the libraries 0.025cms


651. Separation in planning and doing is recommended in Scientific School of Thought


652. Universal copyright convention of 1952 as sponsored by UNESCO


653. Two kinds of auxiliaries in UDC are Common and Special


654. Gate Register is meant for recording the attendance of visitors to the library daily


655. ASCII is the name of a computer coding Standard


656. In DDC 800 denotes the subject of Literature


657. Fodor’s Guide is an example of Travel Guide


658. LLA stands for Local library Authority


659.  ISO/TR 11219:2012 is applicable to all types of libraries in all countries, but especially to

         academic and public libraries. The standard ISO 11620 “Performance indicators for libraries”

         was first published in 1998 by IFLA, ISO 2789 (International Library Statistics) ISO 11620

         (Performance indicators for libraries)


660. In 1856 Andrea Creastadoro introduced usage of Keyword in Title


661. Mixture of Sodium Fluoride and flour to be used remove silver from book firhs from books


662. SENDOC stands for Small scale enterprise documentation centre was set up in 1970  by Govt. of India


663. Routing Slip is used to Circulate Periodicals


664. A “Gazette” gives information about Official announcement and Notifications


665. Chain Index helps to prepard Class Index Entry


666. Ms-DOS Contains internal and external commands


667. The Indian Library Review is being launched by the National Library, Kolkata, to serve the interests of

        Indian libraries and librarians. In August 2011.


668. W.C.B . Sayers (1881-1960) His theory of book classification first appeared in 1915 under the title

        "Canons of Classification". He expanded the outline of the theory contained in this book in three other

        books, viz., Grammar of Classification (Ed.2, 1915; Ed.4, 1935), Introduction to Library

        Classification (Ed.1,1918; Ed.9,1958) and Manual of Library Classification (ed.lst, 1926; Ed.3,

         1955;  Ed.4, 1967 and Ed.5, 1975, revised by Arthur Maltby). It has now Een revised by Rita Marcella

         and Robert  Newton in 1994.


669. An increase in the level of ‘specificity’ of indexing languages results in increase in Precision.

        Which is also called "Relevance".


670. Vidura, the oldest (in publication since 1963), is a substantive quarterly journal that focuses primarily

         On pertinent issues relating to the media


672. Research Institute for Newspaper Development (RIND) was established under the Registration of

        Societies Act in 1979 with the joint efforts of seven newspaper publishers and editors – the

        Anandabazar  Patrika, The Hindu, Malayala Manorama, Deccan Herald, Nai Dunia, Andhra Patrika and

        Gujarat  Samachar.


673. In AACR-2 , 'GMD' is stands for General Material Designation. Terms of availability is used.


674. Controlled vocabulary tool are  Classification Scheme, Thesaurus,  Subject Headings

675. Bibliography is not a controlled vocabulary tool

676. Main Entry in Classified Catalogue Code contains 6 Section

677. The main entry of Classified Catalogue Code is being prepared to meet the Subject pproach 

678. BNB cards distributed by Library of Congress belong to Centralised Catalogue 

679. Critical incident techniques is one type of  Observation method


680. Online Search Information Registration and Inquiry system was the software of (OSIRIS) by IFLA


681. An information system may be  mission oriented system and discipline oriented system.


682. If a questionnaire is given to every tenth number of a sample populations, it is known as

        Stratified sampling


683. Which one of the following indexes in not found in thesauri  Author Index


684. The word “Library “originates from the Latin word Libber


685. SMCR communication model developed by Shannon and Weaver further Berol


686. Work of Unknown authorship is called as Anonymous work


687. The Standardization agency for India is BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) Institution that

        prescribes standers in India


688. Library open access systems is Open to all user the stack room


689. Library Building Planning and Principles were proposed by Henry Folkner


690. In CCC, Pseudonym-Real Name Entry is CRIE


691. Job ranking is a method of Job Evalution


692. The Electronic version of DDC21 was named Dewey for Windows


693. Organisation of Knoweldge in libraries and subject approach to book was written by H.E. Bliss


694. Periodical ordering work includes Renewal of Ordering, Backset and New Ordering.


695. The Universal availability of publication (UPA) is a programme of IFLA


696. In the concept “Disease” is placed under Engery


697. S.R. Ranganathan gave the term ‘Modes of Formation of Subjects and identified 5 Five modes of

        formation of subject.


698. One of the system the Optical method is used Peek-a-boo System


699. In AACR-2, the Description is divided into 8 Areas


700. The idea of  Thesaurofacet was developed by Jean Aitchison


701. In Colon Classification  sign of – and = used to attach a spectator


702. In UDC common Auxiliary of Point of view as represented by 00


703.  INDEST is a  Consortia  located at New Delhi Indian National Digital Library in Engineering

         Sciences and Technology (INDEST) Consortium” was set up in 2003 by the Ministry of

         Human Resource Development (MHRD) on the recommendation of an Expert Group

         appointed by the Ministry. The Consortium was re-named as INDEST-AICTE Consortium in

         December 2005. The Ministry provides funds required for subscription to electronic resources

         for 62 centrally-funded Government institutions including IITs, IISc Bangalore, NITs, ISM,

         IIITs, IIMs, NITTTR’s and few other institutions that are considered as core members of the

         Consortium, chairman Prof N.Balakrishnan


704. The standard size of catalogue card is 12.5 x 7.5cms (or) 125 mm X 75 mm.  (roughly 5" x 3")

         is used in this form thickness 0.025

705. Chain procedure the device to derive subject headings from class number


706. The latest edition of “ Classified Catalogue Code is 5


707. Main Entry of Classified catalogue code is being prepared to meet the Subject Approach


708. Hardwar University Library, USA is the largest University library in the Word


709. Sir Sayaji Rao Gaekward III established Public Library.


710. A remarkable feature of Mysore Public library Act, 1965 is the provision of library service to BLIND


711. The model public library in India is Delhi Public Library. The Public library “ for the People, of the

        people  and by the people”.


712. Guide to Literature come under the categories of Teritary Sources


713. Bibliographies are used to find information on a given subject documents


714. Shanon & Weaver model of communication of knowledge suggests that communication as an open

        System  may be regarded as subjective, selective, variable and yet unpredicitable


715. The Micro Photograph by using Daugerre plate and lens was introduced by John Benjamin Dancer


716. The “user profile” is a Statement on user information needs


717. The main objective of NISSAT is promotion of RSD in Information Science and Technology


718. NICFOC is related to Food Science


719. An Organizational Structure is determined by “Span of Control”


720. Million Bank Project was initiated by Carnegie Mellon University.


721. Unity of commands means all power to One person


722. Natural Science, Physical Science, and Social science are example of Loose Assemblage


723. Physical entity of a computer is know as Hardware


724. Cache memory is random access memory (RAM) that a computer microprocessor can access more

        quickly  than it can access regular


725. PC/XT is Personal Computer / Extended Technology


726. PC/ Personal computer are Micro computer IBM PS/2


727. Chips is computer is made from SILICON


728. A ‘Byte’ consists of Digit


729. Software is a set of written programme

730. Expansion of WORM Write Once Ready Many


731. Peer Network Service is used to provide service and to request Service


732. Telex is a Communication of Text


733. Main source revenue for the Public libraries is Library Cess


734. Precoordinating indexing system used for where terms are coordinated prior to search


735. Ancient writing and Libraries

          1) Palm leaf – Indian Writing Materials

          2) Clay Tablet – Sumerians

          3) Papyrus       - Egyptian writing materials

          4) Prisse Papryus – Oldes Book of Egyptians, saying of ptahhotep


736. The model Pubic libraries bill was drafted under the chairmanship of Dr.S.R.R


737. Fifth law (5) of library science emphasizes on weeding of books from the library.


738. In a communication model Noise refers to irrelevant information being retrieved


739. Citation, Scientific Articles, Journals are parameter in measuring the information.


740. Shannon and weaver defined “Information as essentially a measure of the absence of Uncertainty”.


741. Who’s who is a Biographical Source of Information


742. Dictionaries are prepared by Lexicographers


Information Technology


743. There are three ways for transmitting data from one point to another

        (1) Simplex, 2) Half-duplex,  3)  full  duplex)      


744.    I. Generation 1940-1956 : component used as Vacuum Tube and the characters are Bulky,

              Consumed high power, slow, less reliable, costly, Large cooling system.

          II. Generation 1956-1963 : component used as Transistor and the characters are Small

                size,  consumed less power, more reliable and fast.

   III. Generation 1964-1971  : components are used as IC's and the characters are Reduction

          in size, improved performance, better human machine interaction, Multi­programming


   IV. Generation 1971-Present  : components are used Micro processor (SSI, MSI, LSI,  VLSI)

    V.  Generation : Present and Beyond :Artificial Intelligence


745. Types and Categorization of Computers  2 types Analog and Digital


746. Based on Application 4 type Super Computers, Mainframe Computers, Mini &Micro Computers.


747. Size of the paper - A4(210mmx297mm) or A5(148mmx210mm)


748. Measurement of information: 

 1.  1 Bit = Binary Digit

 2.  8 Bits = 1 Byte
 3. 1024 Bytes = 1 Kilobyte 
 4. 1024 Kilobytes = 1 Megabyte 
 5. 1024 Megabytes = 1 Gigabyte 
 6. 1024 Gigabytes = 1 Terabyte 
 7. 1024 Terabytes = 1 Petabyte 
 8. 1024 Petabytes = 1 Exabyte
 9. 1024 Exabytes = 1 Zettabyte 
 10. 1024 Zettabytes = 1 Yottabyte 
 11. 1024 Yottabytes = 1 Brontobyte
 12. 1024 Brontobytes = 1 Geopbyte

 13. 1024 Geopbyte


749. Types of Monitors          

·        Cathode Ray Tube (CRT),

·        Colour Graphics Adaptor (CGA),

·        Enhanced Graphics Adaptor (EGA),

·        Video Graphics Array (VGA)

·        Thin Film Transistor – Liquid Crystal Display  (TFT-LCD)

·        Light-emitting diode (LED)


750.   Dynamic RAM (DRAM): Dynamic Random Access Memory is a main primary storage


          Static RAM (SRAM): Small storage device with high-speed versions with mini buffer


          EDO RAM : Extended Data Out RAM: much quicker than above two

          SDRAM (Static Dynamic Random Access Memory) : used latest memory chip

          PROM: A Programmable Read Only Memory

    EPROM: The Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

    EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM


751. High level  - Programming languages – Basic, Cobol, Fortran, Pascal, C,C++, Java (object

         oriented Program)

        Low level (machine) – Interpreter  (line to line )and compilers (entire program)







753.  The basic topologies are

          1) Star Network,           2) Ring Network         3)Bus Network           4) Hybrid Network

          5) Point to Point and Multi drop Network      

          6) Hierarchical topology Network (or)  Tree Network


754. Three switching systems are:

— Circuit switching  (e.g. Telephone)

— Message Switching (e.g email)

— Packet Switching (In packet switching a message is broken into small parts called packets.


755. Layers of the OSI Model  In 1977, International Organization for Standardization

        ISO Model 7 layers

—     Physical layer transmits bit stream to physical medium 

—     Data line layer provides data exchange between devices on the same medium.

—     Network layer takes care of switches and routes information units.

—     Transport layer provides reliable end-to-end data transmission.

—     Session layer  maintains dialogue between communication devices

—     Presentation layer formats data (ex: ASCII)

—     Application layer provides general services related to applications.


756. TCP/IP : Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)  is an industry

                         standard suit of  protocols providing communication in a hydrogenous



       HTTP    :  Hypertext Transfer Protocol provides a way for a web browser to access a

                        web server and  request a hypermedia documents created using  HTML.


   FTP       : FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is an Internet file transfer service that operates on

                   the Internet and over TCP/IP).  FTP is basically a client / server protocol in

                   which a system  running the FTP server accepts commands from a system

                   running an FTP client.


757. Router is a device that forwards data packets between telecommunications networks,

         Creating an overlay inter network. 


758. Hypertext –    A hypertext document is an electronic document that contains links to

        Related pieces of information. hypertext is text with pointers to other text.


759. Multimedia (colour, graphics and picture, and movies )


760. E-Mail= Electronic Mail early E-Mail originated in the early 1970s by

        ARPANET and now it is primary method of communication. Email is the process of

        sending and receiving messages electronically over the internet.


761. The concept of TQM has developed by U. S. Department of Defense in




762. Canons of library classification” by W C B Sayers

         6 Groups of Canons are :

·                     Canons of Characteristic

·                     Canons of array of classes

·                     Canons of Chain of classes

·                     Canons of Filiatory sequence

·                     Canons of Terminology

·                     Canons of Notation



763. Canons of characteristics

        Classification should be according to characteristics of things, concepts and Substance.

·                     Differentiation

·                     Concomitance

·                     Relevance

·                     Ascertain ability

·                     Permanence

·                     Relevant sequence

·                     Consistency

764. Differentiation

Efficiency should be available for the classification of something.

For ex: Students

UG                      PG

Science, Arts, Commerce, Physis, chemistry


765. Concomitance

Two characteristics should not use for a facet or subject.

For ex: DOB and Age

Ist Edition and Publication date


766. Relevance

Every characteristic should be related to objective of classification.

For ex: English language, French language


Every characteristics should fully ascertain. Exp. Literature


767. Permanence

Every characteristics should be permanence whenever do not change in objective of


For ex. Changing the name of Periodical time to time


768. Relevant sequence

Characteristics of classification scheme should be use to objective of classification in

 Relevant sequence.   For ex: In Literature




769. Consistency

In the scheme should be use of some permanent characteristics according to their

sequence.   For ex: O[P],[P2][P3],[P4]


770.Canons of Array of Classes

The array of class called to arranged sequence of class according to their importance.

·                      Exhaustiveness

·                      Exclusiveness

·                      Helpful sequence

·                      Consistent sequence


771. Exhaustiveness

In this canons the arrangement of other things.

For ex: Non Christian religious 290

             other languages 490

Literature of other Language 890


772. Exclusiveness

Exclusiveness should be available in the classes or subclasses.

For ex:  world (Asia, Africa, America, Australia)


773. Helpful sequence

In any array of classes arrangement of class or sub-class should be in helpful sequence.

Helpful order within the groups of subjects


774. Consistent sequence

1.      Canons of Chain of Classes

2.      Decreasing extension

3.      Modulation


775. Decreasing extension

 For ex:

·         Asia 4

·         India 44

·         M.P. 4455

776. Modulation

·         World                        World

·         Europe

·         Great Britain             Great Britain

·         England

·         London                       London


777. Subordinate class

·         Asia 5

·         India 54

·         Western India 547

·         Gujarat 5475


778. Co-ordinate class


Asia, Africa,  Europe


779. Currency

Use of recent or current words in classification scheme.



780. Reticence

Use of words should not criticized in classification scheme.

For ex: In the 14th ed. of DDC use the “minor” word for some author


781. Enumerative

Description of every enumerative word in classification scheme

 For ex: Philosophy and psychology in DDC or CC


782. Context

Context should be given for word that use in different main class.

 For ex: Insurance

             Tax,   Textile


783. Canons of Notation

It should be decided that which type notation use for classification.

·                      Relativity

·                      Expressiveness

·                      Mixed notation

784. Relativity

Representation of every symbol.

For ex: The particular symbols for five fundamental categories in Colon Classification

such as    [P] ,   [E] :  [M] ; [S] .  [T] ‘


785. Expressiveness

Expressiveness should be for every facet.

For ex: Treatment of lungs in India



786. In 1952, Ranganathan published the 4th edition. This included a major new

        development, the introduction of the PMEST (Personality, Matter, Energy, Space, Time)

        categories. The basic idea of five categories was present in the earlier edition.


787. Decreasing sequence of concreteness

            Classification of books in Indian national library during 1991.

·                     1991 [T]

·                     India [S]

·                     Classification [E]

·                     Books [M]

·                     National library [P]

E.g Y: 434 : 64 . 363 ‘N4  [Y=Sociology, 434 poverty, Eradication 64, 563 Scotland, 64.

             P   E     2 E    S   T


788. Mode & Subject formation. Dr. S. R. Ranganthan 1950. conference on ‘Bibliographic

         organization, university of Chicago, 



789. Dissection -  It is cutting a universe of Entities into parts of coordinate status even as we cut

       a lice of bread into strips. The part they from in array. Each part shall be called Lemia. E.g


                                               Universe of Life science





790. Denudation : it is progressive decrease of extension and increase of the Intention or depth of

        a basic subject or isolate idea. ( eg) Philosophy, Logic, and Symbolic logic














791. Lamination: is constructed by overlaying facet on facet, even as we make sandwhich by Laying

         vegetable  layer over layer read. E.g. Agriculture in India


792. Fusion : Two more than two subject fused together (Biology + Physics = Biophysics)


793. Distillation : in the mode the pure subject distilled or emerged out of combination of different

        Compound subject :  e.g Management, Statistical calculus, Microbiology, Anesthesiology, International

         relations,  Ergonomics, Forestry.


794. Agglomeration in this mode several main subjects that are mutually and exclusively related are

        agglomerated or grouped together to form into a single group (e.g. Social Science, Natural Science)


795. Cluster : Indology, sindology, etc.


796. DECACHOTOMY ( It is division into ten  DDC, UDC adopted the 10)


797. DICHOTOMY(it is division in to two, it implies binary classification for e.g

         (Vertebrate and invertebrate)


798. DDC was First published in 1876, 42 pages introduced 12, schedule 12 page and 18pages

         Alphabetical index. 19th ed (1979) Benjamin A Custer

·         20th ed (1986) Dr J P Camaromi

·         21st( 1996) Miss J S Mitchell

·         22st( 2007) Miss J S Mitchell

       DDC uses following 7 tables (1- Standard sub –division 2 -Area, 3-subdivision of

        Individual Literature, 4-Sub divisions of individual Language, 5- Racial, Ethnic and national

       groups, 6- language, 7- persons. 21st edition is first edition prepared with Online access to

       the OCLC. 23edition published med 2011 it contain 4 volumes.

The ten main classes are:

000 Computer science, information & general works

100 Philosophy & psychology

200 Religions

300 Social sciences

400 Language

500 Science

600 Technology

700 Arts & recreation

800 Literature

900 History & geography

Volume 1

(A) New Features in Edition 23: A brief explanation of the special features and

changes in DDC 23

(B) Introduction: A description of the DDC and how to use it

(C) Glossary: Short definitions of terms used in the DDC

(D) Index to the Introduction and Glossary

(E) Manual: A guide to the use of the DDC that is made up primarily of extended

      discussions of problem areas in the application of the DDC. Information in the

      Manual is arranged by the numbers in the tables and schedules

(F) Tables: Six numbered tables of notation that can be added to class numbers to

      provide greater specificity

(G) Lists that compare Editions 22 and 23: Relocations and Discontinuations;

      Comparative and Equivalence Tables; Reused Numbers

Volume 2

(H) DDC Summaries: The top three levels of the DDC

(I) Schedules: The organization of knowledge from 000–599

Volume 3

(J) Schedules: The organization of knowledge from 600–999

Volume 4

(K) Relative Index: An alphabetical list of subjects with the disciplines in which they are treated sub

       arranged alphabetically under each entry

The Relative Index

The Relative Index is so named because it relates subjects to disciplines. In the schedules, subjects are

distributed among disciplines; in the Relative Index, subjects are arranged alphabetically, with terms

identifying the disciplines in which they are treated sub arranged alphabetically under them.


800. UDC- almost faceted schemes of classification developed by Henry La Fontaine & Paul Otlet

        Project called “Universal Bibliographic Resportary” 1st Edition published 1905 in French,

        First English Published in 1936

        In UDC  4 (Empty) not used

              Common auxiliaries  TABLE in UDC

·         Common Auxiliaries of Language   =

·         Common Auxiliaries of Forms      (01/09)

·         Common Auxiliaries of Place        (1/9)

·         Common Auxiliaries of Race & Nationality  (=)

·         Common Auxiliaries of Time   = (“  ”  )

·         Common Auxiliaries of Point of View (.00)


        Signs used in UDC  Maths & Physics   510+530  (coordination and Extension sings)

                                          Animal Husbandry 636/639

                                          Statistics for Economics 310:330  (Relation sign)

                                          :: Relation sign to fix the components number is compound subject

                                         ( ) Relationship involving sub-ordinate subject


       Special Auxiliaries : (‘ ) chemistry and related subjects


801. Colon Classification (CC) First edition published in 1933, contains 27 basic classes

        represented y 26 roman capital letters and One Greek Letter.  1-9 common isolates,

       Geographical and chronological division.

·         3rd edition published 1950

·         4th edition published 1952

·         5th edition published 1957

·         6th edition published 1963 single value. 

CC consist of 3 parts ( Part 1. Rules, 2. provides schedules,  3. Classes)

Main class in CC  1st edition and 7th edition published by Ess Ess Publication

z   Generalia

1 Universe of   Knowledge

2   Library Science

3   Book science

4   Journalism

B  Mathematics

C  Physics

D  Engineering

E  Chemistry

F  Technology

G  Biology

H  Geology

I   Botany

J   Agriculture

K  Zoology  Botany)

KZ   Animal Husbandry

L      Medicine

M     Useful arts

N  Fine arts

O  Literature

P   Linguistics

Q  Religion

R   Philosophy

S   Psychology

T   Education

U   Geography

V   History

W  Political science

    X   Economics

    Y   Sociology

Z   Law

802. Dr.S.R.Ranganathan enunciated two principle viz. in CCC

       1. Principles of Local variation ( principles recognizes the need for cataloging code

             at different leavel    

            As follows.

a)      International catalogue code

b)      National catalogue code

c)      Local Catalogue code

       2. Principles of Osmosis ( it suggest guidelines and mechanism for changing cataloguing

           code and /or scheme of classification used in a library in an economical and effective



803. CCC 1st published in 1934, 2nd edition published 1945 and 3rd edition 1951.  5th edition



804.  C.A. Cutter published RULES FOR DICTIONARY CATALOGUE IN 1876. 1st edition

          published with 205 rules.  2nd edition published 1889. Fourth edition published 1904,

         369 rules.


805.  AACR (IFLA) 1961 in year 1967

         AACR II  published in the 1978 

         AACR II revised edition published 1988  by Oxford and  IBH Publishing.                 


806. (ISDS) Information Systems and Decision Science, located at ROME


807. Miniature book is a very small book, sized from 0.5 inches square to roughly 2 by 3

         inches—no larger than 3 inches in height, width or thickness


808. MARK project was started by LC in the year 1966, project was funded by CLR (Council on

        Library Resources). MARK Project began  II 1968.


809. CCF UNESCO PGI (General Information Programme) Sicily 1978. (ISO standard 2709)

        published in 1984.  CCF consists the major four parts :




810. INIS (International Nuclear Information Systems) established, 1970 and enhanced



811. AGRIS (Agriculture Information system) FAO & UNO 1975 onwards at ROME published



812. MEDLARS (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System) established by NLM 1964.

        products Index Medicus, MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) for control vocabulary system

       (USA) 1964


813. William A Borden the first librarian in Baroda  (1910 -1911)State came from : USA

814. “Grey Literature” means: Internet reports not published as documents.

815. Mudilyar commission was setup for School education.

816. RFID stands for: Radio Frequency Identification.

817. Tree of Porphyry is: Schematic representation of Dichotomy.

818. E.J. Coats invented the “Retroactive ordinal notation”.

819. What is meant by Mnemonics for “Aid to memory”.

820. Principles of helpful sequence in classification given by : Ranganathan,S.R.

821. Principles of is concerned with Re-classification.

823. How many zones are have recognized by R.Ranganathan in an array: Five.

824. Phoenix schedules are given in: DDC.

825. ALA Code ethics first published in: 1939.

826. LC List of subject headings first published in: 1909.


827. DDC                                                             =      Decimal classification (1876)     


828. C.A. Cutter                -                                  =      Expansive  classification (1885)


829. LCC (Staff)                                                   =      Library of congress classification (1904)


830. Paul Otlet  & Henry La Fontaine             =    Universal  classification (1905)


831. TRAILS  is The document storage system SENDOC

T= Tread literature, R= Report literature, A= Area literature, I= Institutional literature, L= Library literature, S= Sundry literature


832.  Building  library collection    =                                Acquisition


833.  Information Desk       =                                           Reference  service


834.  Information Society concept  =                                Japan 1966 “Johoka Shakal”


835.  Knowledge Society (Described) =                            Peter Druckor  (1969)


836.  Electronic Society (Suggested)   =                           Zblgnlew Brozozinski (1970)



837. Barriers of  Communication            =   Noise, Language, Over Production,                                                                        Pollution, Jargon Economics, political problems


838.  Channels of Info. Communication     =     Two type: (a)Formal- Articles,  

                                                                             research Report’s, Books’,            

                                                                 Patents, Standards, A/V presentation,

                                                                (b) Informal- Conversation, Informal  

                                                                Discussion, Correspondence, Other’s.


839.  WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) =   1967 UN


840.  India IPR act.      =        1856  (Protection of inventions)


841.  Indian Patent act. =       1970 (HQ Nagpur)


842.  Copyright  including  the computer  Industry     1994


843.  Patent  (Time)  validity     =            20 year


844.  Design                 =             15 year


845.  Tread marks         =             10year


846.  Copyright             =             60year


847.  Five Law of Library Science    =  1931 “Dr. S. R. Ranganathan”

1. Books are for use (Particularly meant for better use of library,  the first law constitutes  the

    Basis for the library services, (Place, Hour, Staff, Furniture and Building location to easy

    accessibility of  the library to its users.)


2.      Every reader his/her book (This law suggests that every member of the community should be able to obtain materials needed. Collections should meet the special interests of the community, and libraries should promote and advertise.  Their services extensively to attract a wide range of users.    Obligation  of the staff and reader, choice of staff and resource sharing


3.      Every book its reader (This principle is closely related to the second law but it focuses on the item itself, suggesting that each item in a library has an individual or individuals who would find that item useful. Ranganathan argued that the library could devise many methods to ensure that each item finds it appropriate reader. One method involved the basic rules for access to the collection, most notably the need for open shelving and arrangement, eye catching to reader)


4.      Save the time of the reader (The library collection in one location provided distinct advantages. Excellent staff would not only include those who possess strong reference skills, but also strong technical skills in cataloging, cross-referencing, ordering, accessioning, and the circulation of materials)



5.      Library is a growing organism (The growth in staff, the physical collection, and patron use. This involved allowing for growth in the physical building, reading areas, shelving, and in space for the catalog etc).


848.  Colon Classification                            =           1933


849.  Madras Library Association(MALA)  =           1948  Tamilnadu


850.  Book delivery Act.                             =            1954  and Revised in 1956


851.  SDI Ranganathan Coined  term SPEED =         = System,  

                                                                                   P= Pinpoint second law

                                                                                   E= exhaustive third law,  

                                                                                              E= expeditious  forth law                                                                                                                                                            D= Document


852. J. Martine defined information is both a product and process


853. Pool index to periodical literature was brought out by William Frederick.


854.  First Global information system  =        (INIS) International Nuclear Information   

                                                             System 1969 fully operate 1972 pairs

855.  Basic research  of method            =    (a) Historical on document source

                                                         (b) Descriptive on surveys, case studies, interviews

                                                         (c) Scientific  observation, experimentation.


856.  India First Library Network       =       DELNET (Delhi Library Network )


857.  First Preservation of document’s =    UNESCO


858.  Marchand’s Stages  of IT Development  (I) Automation Tech. Management (1960-70)

                                                       (II) Information Resource Management (1970-80)

                                                       (III) Knowledge Management (Late 1980..)


859. CD -Rom           =       Philips & Sony company (1985)


860. Bibliography dictionary e.g. Whos’ who


861. Bibliographical Sources. Bibliography means List of books, Greek Terms derived Billion

         means book and Graphien meaning write.


862. Catalogue is a list books. (Maps or other items arranged in some definite order, resources of



863. Incunaula deals with the books published in up to 15th century.




864. The  UNESCO's Public  Library  Manifesto was formulated  for  its  member countries  in

         1949, to promote the public library system and make knowledge accessible to each and

         every  member of  the  society.  This  manifesto was further  revised  in  1972  and  was

         again  revised  in  1994  in  collaboration  with  International  Federation  of  Library

        Associations  and  Institutions  (IFLA).


865. 1) Indian Book Industry (Monthly), New Delhi, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

        2) Decent Indian Books (Quarterly), New Delhi, Federation of Indian Publishers.

        3) Accession List South Asia (Monthly), New Delhi, US Library of Congress, N-11,

            South Extension.

        4) UBD New Books Bulletin (Monthly), New Delhi, Universal Book Distributors, Pvt. Ltd

        5) Indian National Bibliography (Monthly), Kolkata, Central Reference Library, Alipore.


866. British Library’s Automated Information SErvice (BLAISE): Blaise is an online

        information retrieval service that includes access via a new graphical interface on the

       World Wide Web. It is a library network which was introduced in April 1977.


867. Development of Library Network in India: At international level Joint Academic 

       NETwork (JANET), Online Computer Library Centre (OCLC),


868. NICNET, established by National Informatics Centre (NIC) in 1977 was started in the late



869. Library Act In India


1) Tamil Nadu -1948                   2) Andhra Pradesh – 1960                  3) Karnataka - 1965

4) Maharashtra -1967                  5) West Bengal - 1979                        6) Manipur - 1988

7) Kerala – 1989                         8) Haryana - 1989                               9) Mizoram - 1993

10)Goa – 1993                            11)Gujarat - 2001                                12)Orissa – 2001

13)Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal)- 2005      14)Rajasthan - 2006                15)UttarPradesh - 2006

16)Chattisgarh – 2007                17)Pondichery-2007                           18)Bihar - 2008

19)Arunachal Pradesh-2009


870. National level INDONET is India’s first data communication and computer network

        that was started in March 1986 by CMC Ltd..INDONET is a project of Computer

        Maintenance Corporation of India


871. Scientific and Industrial Research Network (SIRNET) was established by INSDOC in late

       1989 to interconnect all the CSIR laboratories and other R&D institutions in India.


872.  INSDOC undertook a feasibility study which was completed in March 1992. MALIBNET

        was registered as a society in Chennai in Feb. 1993.


873. DELNET was established in 1988 in Delhi by India in iternational Centre with the initial

        financial support of NISSAT.


874. PUNENET (1992) in Pune


875. CALIBNET was established by NISSAT in 1993 in Calcutta.

876. ADINET (1993) in Ahmedabad,


877. BONET (1994) in Mumbai,


878. MYLIBNET (1994) in Mysore


880. BALNET (1995) in Bangalore.


881. Para linguistics  is a kind of complementary language which includes meaningful

        variations in speech corresponding to patterns of loudness, pitch, hesitation;

882. Kinesics  which includes facial expressions, eye movements, gestures, etc;

883. Haptics which refers to the use of touch to communicate, for example, shaking hands,

         holding hands, patting, etc;


884. Proxemics refers to the use of interpersonal space, that is to say how far a person is

        standing from the other, can communicate different meanings;


885. Chronemics that is to say how time is considered is sometimes a message in itself, a form

        of non-verbal communication and is called Chronemics.


886. Technical service coined by M.F. Tube


887. Information Retrieval coined by Clavin Moors


888. The French term informatique was coined in 1962 by Philippe Dreyfus  and informatics

        coined by Otto Nacke 1979


889. How may kinds of reference service Dr. Ranganathan recognize 12. Reference service

        started in India first time.


890. Current Awareness service has come in 1950


891. The Term Expoential Growth is referred to “Geometrical progression”


892. HP Luhnan introduced the SDI in 1958, User Profile is a statement of user information.
         Document profile and matching process.      


893. The term information Science was coined by USA


894. Fedora is a Red Hat Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the

        latest free and open source software

895. In  CCF,  the  equivalent  of leader  in MARC  21, is  called  Record label

896. The concept of Anamolous state of Knowledge was proposed by J.N. Belkin



897. An individual who connects an internal colleague with external sources of information is a

       “Technology gatekeeper”


898. Growth of Information beyong manageable limits is know us Information Explosion


899. Feature of an information retrieval system (Relevance, Precision and Recall)


900. Redundancy of information is  : Unnecessary and  should be Eliminated


901. Reference Service is India started by B.S. Kessavan


902. Bellary Shamanna Kesavan is the first National Librarian of independent India. 

        He is also known as Father of Indian National Bibliography as it was first brought out in its

        leadership on August 15, 1958. first Director of the Indian National Scientific

        Documentation Centre (INSDOC) at New Delhi. In recognition of his great service to the

        nation, the Government of India honored him with Padma Shri. A charitable trust namely,

        Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management (KIIKM) has been formed in

        memory of him at Secunderabad.


903. Main difference between CAS & SDI is occurs  TIME different, SDI is one kind of personalized



904. Search Strategy is the looking mirror in the dark said by W.A. KATZ


905. Information Audit is counting and analysis of Information Resources of an organization for how they

        are useful and critical in achieving the organizational objective.


906. The library wants to advertise their new arrival by display or notifying is called CAS


907. Grandfather of Hypertext Vannever Bush (The word Hypertext was coined by TED Nelson)


908.  A technique for identifying the theme of a document from its citations is called



909. Dr. S.R. Raganathan committee recommended 5% of fiction and 2% of nonfiction of book

        Weed out every year from library collection


910. INFOTERRA established in 1972 was initiated at Stockholm at (Sweden)


911. First Indian named as the librarian of the Imperial library Calcutta Mr. HARINATH DE


912. There are four scales or levels used for deriving Nominal, Ordinal, Interval and Ratio data.


913. Scientific method can be applied for Research in All subjects


914. The spiral of scientific method (Nadir, Ascendant, Zenith and Descendant) Zenith” contain

        in the Spiral of Scientific method is Fundamental laws.


915. In spiral of Scientific method Nadir and Ascendant is known as Experimental Phase

916. Ascent to Zenith is known as Hypothesizing


917. Zenith to Descendant is as Deductive Phase


918. Descendant to Nadir is as Verification Phase.


919. Controlled groups is a term is used in Experimental Research


920. Ranganathan methodology, Neelemeghan worked further on these ideas of the modes of

        formation of subjects and enumerated a few micro modes. These are: Fission, Distillation of

        Kind 1, Distillation of Kind 2, Fusion, Clusters,  Agglomeration of Kind 1 & Kind 2


921. Main source of Income for University Libraries UGC funds


922. MacBride Report  on the New International Information Order in relation Mass Media.

        Also known by the name “ Many Voices and One World


923. Bibliometrics law describes the Scientific Productivity and  Frequency of  Publication any

        Author in a given field  LOTKA LAW,  .


924. FTP Protocols is used in transferring file over internet


925. UNIMARC  was developed by IFLA


926. How different nodes in a network are connected and now they communicated

        are determined by Network Topology.


927. When a sources referred to once in the footnote is referred to again and between them no

        other reference (i.e. Citation) intervenes then the footnote used the abbreviation (Ibid)


928. Indexing system in which the coordination of terms is done at the search state was first

        introduced by DEREK AUSTIN


929. INDES MEDICUS is brought out as printed publication Monthly


930. JSTOR is an online system for archiving and accessing academic journals located in USA


931. 260 tag is MARC format marks the publication Information, developed by LC


932. Resources sharing among libraries was promoted by the factors Price escalation

         and Information Explosion


933. The Library Association UK is now called CILIP


934. Real Time Access refers to Access when searched for


935. Dublin core meta data consist of 15 elements


936. A type of indexing where terms are coordinated prior or search Pre-coordinating indexing

937. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is United States (USA) copyright law that

        implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization. The DMCA's

        principal innovation in the field of copyright, the exemption from direct and indirect

        liability of internet service providers and other intermediaries, was adopted by the

        European Union in the Electronic Commerce Directive 2000. The Copyright Directive 2001

        implemented the 1996 WIPO Copyright Treaty in the EU.


938. Use of integrated circuits was made in 3rd Generation computer


939. The Quotation Where is the Wisdom, we have lost the knowledge stated by T.S. Eliot


940. Entropy is a measure of Degree of Uncertainty in information


941. A committee on national network of libraries was started in the year 1988.


942. The provision of Phase relations in DDC was made available 11th Edition


943. Cost benefit analysis means Value of  Money


944. In a questionnaires, questionnaire on age, income, and gender are independent variable


945. Libraries as Gateway to knowledge is the title of the documents NATIONAL   KNOWLEDGE



946. Standards is Neo –conventional documents


947.  DDC was published as a thesis in 1873


948.  9 canons of cataloguing are recognized by Dr. S.R. Ranaganathan


950.  Publisher of the AACR2 revised edition OXFORD & IBH PUBLISHING.


951. The Right to Information Act, 2005 (22 of 2005) has been enacted by the Parliament and

         has come into force from 15 June, 2005. This Act provides for right to information for

         citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities in order to

        promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority


952. Who said "Library is the heart of university? Charles W. Eliot


953. Who quoted “Library is a people’s university? Canon Cody


954. Joint Academic Network (JANET): The JANET was inaugurated on 1st April 1984.

        It uses the Science and Engineering Research Council Network (SERCNET) UK


955. The concept of systems and specials can be  found in  CC


956. STOR was founded in the year 1995


957. Conference proceedings is a Primary Source of information


958. Astrophysics is a result of  Fusion (mode of  formation of subject).


959. CODEN was designed by Charles Bishop


960. Edition 22 of DDC has  6 tables(volume 1)


961. Canon for array of classes is one of the canons of Idea plane


962. Edition six of CC has  3 parts


963. Objective of DP Rayichoudhwary Committee is to improve Academic library


964. Mudaliar commission is related with School library


965. Kabat Committee is related with Metropolitan area


966. University Education Commission chairman (1948-1949) was S. Radhakrishnan


967. Perry committee in UK reports on University libraries


968. Hawnt committee deals with the public library service in north Ireland


969. Lal committee is mainly related to M.L.IS


970. A small book is technically called Biblot


971. Carnegie medal is awarded to an author of an outstanding book for children


972. A publication whose title page is missing is technically called Anepigraphon


973. The INFLIBNET centre which provides a platform for research students to deposit their

        Ph. D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community through open access

        is Shodhganga

974. The headquarters of IASLIC is in Kolkata.

975. UNESCO's database of book translations is called Index translationum

976. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan was conferred the title RAO SAHIB 1935 for his contribution in the

        field of Librarianship


977. Albert Humphrey developed SWOT analysis.

978. The agency of United Nations having its headquarters at Geneva, which is dedicated for the

        use of intellectual property as a means of stimulating innovation and creativity is World

        Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).


979. Secession layer of OSI establishes, manages and ends connections between applications and

         manages the interaction between end systems.

980. DVD (an abbreviation of "digital versatile disc or "digital video disc) is a digital optical

        disc storage format invented and developed by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic in 1995

981. Archie created by Alan Emtage is called the grandfather of all search engines.


982. Flow Chart used In : Programming

983. What is Sco-Zenix ? Multiuser operating Systems

984. What is ''Lipi" Word Processor

985. What Type of Transmission in Cell phones ? Microwave .

986. What is DPI ? Disc per inch

987. Another name of Floppy disc is : Diskette

988. 7.OS-2 operating systems is designed by: IBM

989. What is NAN ?  Neighborhood Area Network

990.What is IRC ?  Internet Relay Chat

991.What is ESS? Electronic spread sheet.


992. Research libraries and information retrieval system (RLIN) situated  at Scand ford,

        California in the year 1978.

993. Scientific and Industrial Research Network (SIRNET) project was lunched by NISCAIR in

        The year 1989.


994. LOCAS means Local Catalogue Service.


995. CHECKMAT software is made for serial control in a library.  


996. Gatekeeping is the process through which information is filtered for dissemination,

        whether for publication, broadcasting, the Internet, or some other mode of communication.

        The academic theory of gatekeeping is found in multiple fields of study, including

        communication studies, journalism, political science, and sociology. It was originally

        focused on the mass media with its few-to-many dynamic but now gatekeeping theory also

        addresses face-to-face communication and the many-to-many dynamic inherent in the

        Internet. The theory was first instituted by social psychologist Kurt Lewin in 1943


997. DELMS (Defense library management system) project was launched by DESIDOC.

998. CARIS (Current Agricultural Research Information System) project is started by AGRIS.

999. Star Network is a type of computer network needs maximum networking cable.

1000. ADONIS (Article Delivery Over Network Information System) is a  first electronic   

          Document delivery system.


1001. PASCAL is language used in Research


1002. Artificial intelligence understands more than human brain


1003. Expert system is computer program


1004. Neural network is a programme


1005. VERONICA is called the grandmother of search engines/ Network Navigation tool.


1006. The Journal published in UK is Program


1007. Opaque paper is Ultra-white thin paper


1008. Institute of Information Scientists(IIS) and Library Association UK (LA) merged in

          2002 to   form CILIP


1009. The term Gazette is associated with official/governmental documents and the 

          term gazetteer is  basically a Geographical Information       


1010. A classification and subject index, for cataloguing and arranging the books and pamphlets

          of a  library written by Melvil Dewey in 1876 is the  1st edition of DDC.


1011. Words with different spelling and meaning but with identical pronunciation are called .

            Homophones(same sound) Eg. Birth, Berth).


1012. The full form of DOAJ is Directory of Open Access Journals


1013. UDC was first published between 1904-1907 in FRENCH (language).


1014. Dr. S. R. Ranganathan was awarded honorary D. Litt. by University of Delhi  (1948) and

          University of Pittsburgh (1964).


1015. Anesthesiology is a result of cluster mode of formation of subject).


1016. What is the standard size of the date label  5” x 3”


1017. The 12 rules for relational database were given by Edgar F. Codd


1018. First edition of Encyclopedia Britannica Published in the year  1768-1771 of 3 Volumes.


1019. Encyclopedia Britannica 9th edition was Scholar edition.


1020. Encyclopedia Britannica published from Encyclopedia Britannica in corporation 



1021. New Encyclopedia Britannica has been divided 3 parts. Micro, Macropedia and Propedia


1022. Words with same spelling and pronunciation but different meaning are called Homonyms

          (same name) [Eg. Mercury(planet),  Mercury(element)


1023. According  to  Dr. S.R.  Ranganathan the proportion  of expenditure  of University

          Library  budget  on  books and other  reading  materials should 40%


1024. Bodleian  Library is  in  the University  of OXFORD


1025. The Science Citation Index Science citation Index published from PHILADEPHIA by

          Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) and created by Eugene Garfield. It was

          officially launched in 1964. It is now owned by Thomson Reuters. The index is made

          available online through different platforms, such as the Web of Science and SciSearch


1026. The impact factor was devised by Eugine Garfield

1027. The first automated citation indexing was done by CiteSeer in 1997

1028. Eugine Garfield was the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI),

          which was located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1029. The h-index was suggested by Jorge E. Hirsch in 2005  The h-index is an index that

         attempts to measure both the productivity and impact of the published work of a scientist

         or scholar. The index is based on the set of the scientist's most cited papers and the

         number of citations that they have received in other publications.  Physicist at UCSD, as a

         tool for determining theoretical physicists' relative quality and is sometimes called

         the Hirsch index (or) Hirsch number. Alternative index are Pure- H index and I-index


1030. Encryption is a form of coding that transforms the original understandable message into a

          bit string that does not make any sense. The encrypted bit string is transmitted over the

         communication system.


1031. Decryption is the inverse process of encryption, which extracts the original message from

         the encrypted bit string


1032.The ISI Web of Knowledge indexes more than 11,000 science and social science journals.

1033. The g-index is an index for quantifying scientific productivity based on publication record


1034. The g-index was suggested in 2006 by Leo Egghe


1035. NewgenLib is an integrated library management system, Indian first Open source software

        developed by Kesavan Institute, Hyderabad,  Handled by Vernica


1036. Information science emerged in the 19th century


1037. Joseph Marie Jacquard invented a punched card system to control operations of the cloth  

          weaving loom in France.    


1038. “Shodhagangotri” concerned  with Synopsis  of  Thesis


1039. Starting Chaining, Browsing, Differentiating, Monitoring Extracting, Verification and

          Ending are important stages of Ellis Model Information Seeking behavior.


1040. When Library Science Abstracts Changed its name to Library and Information

           Science  Abstracts  1969


1041. Copy tracker is software which is used for ?    To detect plagiarism in text document


1042. The term “Librametry” was coined by ? Dr. S. Ranganathan


1043. Intercept interviewing research is widely used in ? Tourism


1044. Multiple choice questionnaires comes under Closed ended


1045. H A denotes  ? NULL Hypothesis


1046. Which one of the curves is more peaked than the normal curve? Leptokurtic


1047.The difference between the maximum and minimum value of a series is known as RANGE


1048. Scatter diagram is graph showing x & y values


1049. DF means  Degree of Freedom.


1050. Librametry 1948, Bibliometry 1969,  Scientometry 1977,  Infometry 1979


1051. What are the four Phase of SDI Selection, Notification, Feedback and Modification


1052. What is the other name of ‘Bibliometrics”  Statistical Bibliography


1053. Document Storage System in SENDOC is TRAINLS


1054. Peter lazer prepard the UNESCO’s committee report for establishment of NISSAT


1055. How does CC arrange books on fiction? Date of birth of author


1056. RFID is Automatic identification and tracking Technology


1057. DDC number for ‘Personality Development’ is 158.1


1058. Blog is the Personal Website, Web 2.0 tool, Interactive web site


1059. Open Sources software has freely available, it has source Code, and body can Customize

1060. South Asia Largest Library is Anna centenary library, Chennai , India


1062. Which University Library starts first Library automation project in India?- Hyderabad



1063. Dublin core metadata initiative which is based on-XML 


1064. In a given year, the impact factor of a journal is the average number of citations

          received per   paper published in that journal during the two preceding years


1065. Who developed e-granthalaya library automation software-NIC


1066. Joomla is-Mgt.system for publishing content on WWW


1067. GSDL was support by-UNESCO


1068. UGC-Infonet e-journal consortium was launched on-28th Dec-2003


1069. Organizational domain .int represents- International institution


1070. FORSA it is a forum for-Astronomy & Astro Physics

1071. Book number is a part of Call Number


1072. International Who’s who was published  Annually at London


1073.The term “lexicon” is derived from Greek


1074. Research report published from NASA was comes under which source Primary


1075. Trade Journals was comes under which source Primary


1076. Guides to the Literature is Secondary


1077. IAEA” stands for International Atomic Energy Agency


1078. International Encyclopaedia of Social Science was published from New York


1079. The Guinness book of world records was Handbook


1080. Gazetteers bring information relating to  To find the Place


1081. India : a reference annual” was published in 1953


1082. What is correlation? It helps us in analysing the variation of two or more variables


1083. Which software is used for analysing the data in research? SPSS, Ms-Excel



1084. What are the functions of Hypothesis? To  test theories, To suggest theories,

          To describe  social phenomena


1085. The term “Research” is derived from FRENCH


1086. How many parts in Latin square design?  4 square


1087. Which statistical tool is used for, "Cultivation of crops using different fertilizers   F Test


1088. 16 steps for preparing research design?


1089. 2types types in ANOVA method


1090. ANOVA method was first developed by  R.A. FISHER


1091. Expansion of ANOVA Analysis of Variance


1092. ANOVA techniques used in Multiple Samples testing


1093. First edition of DDC anonymously (unknown author) was published 44 pages in 1876


1094. DDC Second edition was published in 1883.


1095. 20th edition of DDC published 1989


1096. Melvil dewey date of birth 10- December 1851


1097. 22nd edition DDC published in 2002


1098. 23nd edition DDC published in 2011


1099. Bibliographics classification by H.E.Bliss was published 1935


1100. International classification by F.Rider was published 1961


1101. What is Call number for biography in DDC 22nd Edition 920


1102. Madras public Library Act enacted 1948. came and force on 1 April 1950.


1103. On which year imperial library change the name as National library of India 1948


1104. Books in print (R.R.Bowker) first published in 1948


1105. INIS Founded in the year 1957


1106. Indian copy right act amended on  1957


1107. Content analysis was introduced in the year 1945


1108. National book trust in India was established in the year 1957


1117. Biological Abstract starts in the year 1926


1118. If the encryption and decryption keys are identical, the cryptosystem is said to be

          Symmetric. If the keys are not the same, the system is  asymmetric.


1119. Which country introduce standard number first  UK


1120. What is the Abbreviation  of EAN International Article number


1121. Jubilee project is related to User studies.       


1122. Calculation of impact factor  Web of Science and Scopus


1123. Solomon Four Group Design This design is a combination of the pretest-posttest

          control group  design and the posttest only control group design. 


1124. K(S) +1 = K (S +  S) expressed by B.C. Brooks knowledge in a mathematical



1125. Near synonym term to information is IDEA, DATA, FACTS


1126. Kardex Systems adopted in libraries for the maintenance of Periodicals


1127. Special libraries get their funds from their parental body


1128. 3rd law of library science governs the book selection in the libraries and Extension Services



1129. POSTCORB are Elements of Management


1130. Dr. S.R. Ranganathan used the term “BESPEAKING” for reservation of book


1131. Classical Orgnisation theory of management is the contribution of F.W. Taylor


1132. In CCC the subject analytical entry is called CROSS REFERENCE ENTRY


1133. Ranganathan designed Chain Procedure method of deriving subject heading for documents


1134. Access security is applicable to databases and networks. Databases are protected by access control

          mechanisms and networks by  firewalls. A firewall sits between a public  access network and a

          private protected network. It examines the incoming messages,  permits legal messages to enter the

          protected network, and discards suspicious or illegal ones. Application security is enforced by using

          application firewalls that are also known as proxies.


1135. Dr.S.R. Ranganathan chain procedure is based on CLASS NUMBER



1136.  Classaurus is a faceted hierarchies schema of terms with vocabulary control feature. The

           elementary categories of POPSI are DEAPM  (Discipline, Entity, Property and Action, Modifier)

           8 (Eight) steps involved in POPSI Indexing. Developed by G.Bhattacharya in 1979


1137. Current contents is INDEXING SERVICE


1138. Full Stop, Space and Dash punctuation mark is used before the place of publication is



1139. The details of a book comprising author, title, imprint and collation are called

          ( Bibliographic Description  )


1140.  Ibid. (abbreviation for the Latin Ibidem, meaning "The same"). Refers to the same author

                      and   source (e.g., book, journal) in the immediately preceding reference.


1141. op. cit. (abbreviation for the Latin opus citatum, meaning "the work cited").

          Refers to the reference listed earlier by the same author.


1142.  Impact factors are calculated yearly for those journals that are indexed in

           Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports  ( web of Science)


1143. Japanese initiated a series of studies attempting to measure the degree of Johoka in  Japanese        Society.    One of the indices developed for this purpose by  RITE was   Information Ratio


1144. In October 1985, the Government of India set up a Committee on National Policy  on Library and

          Information System (CONPOLIS) under the Chairmanship of    Prof. D.P. Chattopadhyaya


1145.  Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, originally

          described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work."Wiki"

          (pronounced  [witi] or [viti]) is a Hawaiian word meaning "fast" or "quick


1146. UGC has decentralised its operations by setting up six regional centres at Pune, Hyderabad,

          Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore University Education Commission was set up in 1948

          under the Chairmanship of Dr. S Radhakrishnan.


1147. The PPBS is a formal, systematic structure for making decisions on policy, strategy, and the

          development of forces and capabilities to accomplish anticipated missions.


1148. First time B.Lib in Lib.& India -  Aligarh Muslim Uni.


1149. First Diploma in Lib. & Inf. Sci. is Madras.


1150. The term cyber space was first used by  Cyberpunk science fiction author William   Gibson 


1151. Patent is granted by the national or regional patent office. It is valid for a limited period of time,

          generally for 20 years


1152. The central value of  Distribution is known as Mode.


1153. Formulation of Research Hypothesis implies Formation of tentative generalization


1154. When the population is heterogenous, Stratified Randam sampling methods give better  results.


1155. WIPO is the acronym for the World Intellectual Property Organization, specialized agency

           of the United Nations, located at Switzerland (Geneva)


1156. Reading room table ISI size 900mm x 600mm


1157. Repository Software there are a number of open-source software packages for running a

           repository including: DSpace , Eprints , Fedora


1158. Bibliographical lists are provided for each of the eight stages in the Information Transfer

          Cycle: Creation, Production, Dissemination, Organization, Diffusion, Utilization,           



1159. Library Cess is the mechanism by which the state government collect revenue for

           the functioning   of public libraries in the state. Library cess is a kind of tax which is

           levied on the house/property   tax, usually it ranges between 5%-10%. 


1160. Referral service is Directing the user right place or book/ Information available location.



1161. K.P. Sinha to recommend the future library structure and its development in India. The Committee

          submitted its report in 1958 1162. MIPS stands for Million Instructions Per  Second


1163. UGC appointed a Review Committee in 1961 under the chairmanship of  Dr.Ranganathan, to look

           into the standards of teaching and research in library science   in Indian universities.


1164. The first Curriculum Development Committee (CDC) in LIS was appointed by the UGC under the

          Chairmanship of Prof. P.N. Kaula in 1990.


1165. The UGC constituted the second CDC in LIS under the chairmanship of Dr C.R. Karisiddappa. 

          The Committee submitted its report in 2011.


1165. The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) was established in 1994 by the UGC.


1166.  Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaikwad II of Baroda invited an American librarian W.A. Borden in 1911 to

            establish  a network of libraries in his state.


1167. Borden started the first training programme for librarians in India.


1168. Dr.S.R. Ranganathan started  Madras University making it a Diploma in Library Science (DLiSc).


1169. Dr. S. R. Radhakrishnan Commission, University Grants Commission (UGC) was established in

          December 1953 (in November 1956 as a statutory body).


1170. National Policy on Education in Policy established in 1968.


1171.  May 1986, a new National Policy on Education (NPE) was adopted by the Parliament of

           India.  It was revised in 1992 following the suggestions of Acharya Ramamurti  Committee   (1990)

           and  N. Janardhana Reddy Committee (1992).


1172. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) in 1985 proved a catalyst for open and

          distance learning.


1173. Internet filtering means Internet censorship


1174. Asiatic Society Library, Bombay  is the oldest library 1804


1175. National Library is on 1836.


1176. In KWIC index the keyeward is derived from the Title. The author Index is WADEX


1177. Students are attracted by the Internet service in Library so they are visiting library frequently,  so

         this is called - dependent variables.


1178. Brown Charging System easy to handle- keep history (Record) of users


1179. Michael  Polayani  has  given  two  categories  of  as ‘explicit’ and ‘tacit’ knowledge. Explicit

          knowledge is expressed in words and numbers and shared in the form of data, scientific formulae,

          specifications, manuals, and the like


1180. Tacit knowledge is highly personal and hard to formalise, making it difficult to communicate or

          share with others. Subjective insights, intuition, experience and hunch fall into   this category of

          knowledge. Tacit knowledge is deeply rooted in an individual’s actions and experience as well as in

          his/her ideals, values, and emotions.


1181. The protocol used to transfer file from one system to anther system is? File Tansfer  Protocol (FTP)


1182. In 1974, Paul Zurkowski has given term  Information Literacy, The term “information  literacy”  

          first appeared in library literature during the 1970s


1183. For what purpose, Solomon Four Group Design is used . Quantitative Analysis i.e. data analysis


1184. Xerography is also called as Electrophotography


1185. Inference Engine is available in Expert System.


1186. Who has published the book entitled " Information Power: Building Partnership for

           Learning"  Answer: American Association of School Librarians [AASL]


1187. The process of configuring the disks into track and sector is called. (Backup)


1188. Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Service can be adapted, as enumerated, as the normative

           principles of knowledge resources management and service in all types of organizations.


1189. GYANODAYA It is Library Management Software developed by National Institute of  Financial

          Management under Ministry of Finance, Government of India.


1190. Wyer theorized in 1930 that reference work could be either “conser- vative,” “moderate”   or  



1191. CDS/ISIS The Computerized Documentation Services/Integrated Set of Information System

          (CDS/ISIS) is a PC based bibliographic package developed by UNESCO. This software works on a

          simple PC/XT and is also available on UNIX and NOVELL platform. The Windows Version has

          also been released.


1192. A research design is the research design has been considered a "blueprint" for research, Dealing 

          with at least four problems: what questions to study, what data are relevant, what data to collect, 

          and how to analyze the results.

1193. OCLC Worldcat A global catalog of library collections.


1194.  The government rule 195 for the stock verification and how many books are provision and for the

            loss in a financial year,


1195. Freedom to Read Statement’, largely in response to the attempted censorship of library Materials  by

          Senator Joseph McCarthy.


1196. American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST) is to advance information 

          professionals and the field of information science. ASIST owes its origins to the American

          Documentation Institute (ADI), which was chartered as a non-profit organization in March 1937


1197. In 1950 the ADI first published its Journal American Documentation


1198. ASIST produces two well-respected publications in the information science field.

          The Bulletin of  the American Society for Information Science and Technology &

          The Journal of the American  Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST)


1199. The Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR) is the dominant bibliographic standard regulating

          descriptive cataloguing in the English speaking world. First published in 1967


1200. Who is known as Dewey of Japan? Fujio


1201. Who is known as Ranganathan of Pakistan? Dr.Khursheed


1202. Emrald full text database is published from UK


1203. MICR Expansion of Magnetic Ink Character Recognition


1204. The basic principles of reference collection development, as mentioned by Meghan Harper 


1206. RDA stands for. (Resource Description and Access)

1205. (SCONUL, 1999), introducing the Seven Pillars of Information Literacy: Core (Identity, Scope, Plan, Gather, Evaluate, Manage and Present). Since then, the model has been adopted by librarians and teachers around the world as a means of helping them to deliver information skills to their learners.  In 2012 the model was updated and expanded to reflect more clearly the range of different terminologies and concepts which we now understand as “Information Literacy

1207. Which is the primary source of finding out Indian periodicals in agriculture Refrence Asia 


1208. Kurtosis are three types




1209. Recall and prediction ratios are used in the evaluation of  Information


1210. There are a total of 50 relevant documents in a collection. In response to a query, only 30  

Document is retrieved, of these, only 10 were relevant. What is the recall percentage?

A} 20%
B} 33%  Ans :- B} 33%
C} 40%
D} 60%

Nimber of non-retrieve documents=20 (50-30=20)



         = 0.33

         = 0.33*100=33% (i.e. 33/100=0.33)

1211. A retrieval system retrieves a total of 50% documents, out of these 40 are irrelevant.

          Another 10 document which where relevant were not retrieved . The Precision percentage

          of that query would be ?

            A} 40%

B} 20% ANS  



1212. Libraries as gateways to knowledge are the title of the document. National Knowledge

          Comission on Libraries, 2007


1213. The first all India conference of librarians in 1918 was held at Lahoor


1214. Fish Bone Diagram will helps the identify the relationship between problems and cuases


1215. Pareto chart wil helps to idientify the intensity of each problem in the control (SQC/SPC)Process

1216. If two citations are cited together is known as ADONIS (Article Delivery Over Network

          Information System)


1217. NIT SILCHAR. The Central Library which is the heart of the Institute was established in 1977.


1218. The Society for Information Science (SIS) was founded at 1975 (ASSAM)           


1219. Technological Gatekeepers are key persons in innovation-related communication processes who

          supply scientists and engineers in the industrial R&D divisions informally with relevant information

          through external sources. (Allen 1987)


1220. Who is the ex-officio secretary of LLA?   District Library Officer


1221. Who is the father of library movement in India? Siwajee rao Gaekwad ii


1222. IT Act was enacted in India? 2000


1223. Who played  key role in the development of Library service in BarodaSiwajee rao Gaekwad ii


1224. Wheat loan programme was associated with which libraries? Academic library


1225. Which classification schemes used the national Library of India ? DDC 22nd


1226. Bhore Committee recommended the establishment of Central Medical Library india     


1227. What is the major source of income for University libraries ? UGC


1228. Who proposed the law that 6% of the total university budget be spent for libraries? Sinha


1229. Indian Copyright act was latest amended in 2012 which came into force on 21 June 2012


1230. Micro – opaque card is (Non- book material )


1231. European translation centre is loctated at (Delft)


1232. UNISIST is programe by UNESCO (Word Information System for Science & Technology)


1233. Exchange of Documents among libraries is called (Resources sharing)


1234. INDONET Is sponsored by (CMC Ltd.)


1235. Which of the following networks is not primarily for academic purpose (NICNET)


1236. Who is the father of punched cards (Herman Hollerith)


1237. PC falls in (Minicomputer)


1235. The memory capacity of computer is measured in  (Bytes)


1236.  Rom is a component of (Microprocessor )


1237.  In computer jargon ,the printed copy is often refereed as (Hard copy)


1238.   The concept of “Anomalous State of Knowledge” (ASK) was proposed by  Belkin


1239. A file name in a database file should not exceed more than (8 characters)


1240. The international conference on cataloguing principles was held (1961)


1241. SLIC was developed by (Sharp)


1242. MESH is an example of (Subject Heading)


1243. The indexing and subject cataloguing are (Homonymous to each other, synonymous to Each other,

          independent, antonymous to each other)


1244. Index Medicus provides the bibliography of (Medical Journals) published monthly


1245. Collection of maps put together in a book form is called (Atlas)


1246. Hlaf Line of information implies “As information ages, it is useless”


1247. Trend reports are useful to meet (Exhaustive approach)


1248. Initiation to new user this term coined by ( SRR,)


1249. Personal assistance to the user in getting desired information is called ( Reference service)


1250. What is a referral centre? The organisation to direct/refer to a source for help or information,

          call referral centre.


1251. Documentation is similar to  ( Reference service )


1252. What does PIS stand for (Patent Information System)


1253. Bay guide denotes (Range of materials in a Stack Room,)


1254. Parallel arrangement of books means (SIZE AND CLASSIFIED ORDER)


1255. Sentronic is a device used to (Catch book thieves)


1257. Leather binding is used for (Reference & rare books)


1257. Which of the following materials are not included in INB ( Govt. publications. )

            a) Maps
b) Musical scores
c) Periodicals and Newspapers (except the first issue of a new periodical and the first issue of a

                 periodical under a new title)
d) Keys and Guides to Textbooks
e) Ephemeral and other such materials.


1258. Shelf rectification means  (Restoration of Shelf Order)


1259. Wadia committee was constituted to study the (The new techniques in library

          science training)


1260. Organizational chart shows the structure of an organization in the (Vertical and linear)


1261. Unity of command was proponed by (P. Drucker)


1262. Classification orientated from Lain word


1263. Method to know about information seeking behavior of the users in library is called

          (User Studies)


1264. The main classed in LC are denoted by (Roman capitals, Indo –Arabic numerals)


1265. The concept thersaurofacet was developed by (INSDOC)


1266. Which of the following cataloguing codes is based on ICCP (AACR)


1267. The Vatican Library published a code of rules in 1931[6] that was later stated to be "the

          most complete statement of American cataloging practice.


1268. The study of Anglo-American cataloguing codes, the Paris Principles adopted at the

          International Conference on Cataloguing Principles (ICCP) and, to some extent, two non

          Anglo-American codes


1269. Canons of cataloguing was first formulated by (Dr.SRR)


1270. The word "canon" comes from the Greek "κανών", meaning "rule" or "measuring stick".

          The term was first coined in reference to scripture by Christians


1271. The Ninety-One Rules were drafted by Panizzi for the printed book catalogue of the

          Museum (who made the rules first for cataloguing By Panizzi)


1272.  ISO 2709 is an ISO standard for bibliographic descriptions, titled Information and

           documentation—Format for information exchange. It is maintained by the Technical

           Committee for Information and Documentation. MARC21 library cataloging data using

           ISO 2709


1273. Contextual Indexing and Faceted Taxonomic Access System (CFR) by lngwersen and Worrnell"

1274. There are three kinds of fields in the ISO 2709 record:

·         Record identifier field—identifying the record and assigned by the organization that creates the record. The record identifier field has tag 001.

·         Reserved fields—Reserved fields supply data which may be required for the processing of the record. Reserved fields always have a tag in the range 002–009 and 00A–ZZZ.

·         Bibliographic Fields—these are in the range 010–999 and 0AA–ZZZ. The bibliographic fields contain data and a field separator (IS2 of ISO 646). They can also have these optional sub-parts:

o    Indicator (0–9 characters, as coded in the Leader)—Indicators generally provide further information about the contents of the field, the relationship between the field and other fields in the record, or about action required in certain data manipulation processes (including display labels).

o    Identifier (0–9 characters)—This identifies data within the bibliographic field. Where used, identifiers are composed of a delimiter (1 char, IS1 of ISO 646) and an identifying code (1–9 chars, as defined in the leader), plus a variable length string containing the data.


1275. Relative Index is associated with (DDC)


1276. Information is the process of (Knowledge)


1277. Invisible colleges are (Network of interested peoples )


1278. Universal copyright convention of 1952 was held at (Berne)


1279. NASSDOC is an example of a an (Research library) located at delhi established 1969 by ICSSR


1280. Generally special libraries get their funds from (Parent body)


1281. The member secretary of the university library committed is (University Librarian)


1282. Local Library Authority is also known as (Rural Library Authority)


1283. Working hours are described by (Library Rules)


1284. The library statistics pertain to library resources, technical services and (User services)


1285. COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources) Launched in March

          2002.  The first COUNTER Code of Practice, covering online journals and databases, was

          published in 2003.


1286. GOC (Good Office committee) conversion rates for books and journals  international Subscription


1287. Some website which provide cloud storage services a very convenient way to deal   with all  of the  

          files and data pervade our personal and work lives. Examples. - offers a free 2 GB storage option - offers free stores up to 25 GB - allows free storage up to 5 GB - allows free storage up to 5 GB - Provides up to 50 GB free storage above website are very useful to store library records in cloud storage.


1288. Management information systems are not only computer systems - these systems

          encompass three primary components: technology, people (individuals, groups, or

          organizations), and data/information for decision making.


1289.  A decision support system (DSS) is a computer-based information system that supports

           business or organizational decision-making activities. DSSs serve the management,

           operations, and planning levels of an organization and help to make decisions, which may

           be rapidly changing and not easily specified in advance. Decision support systems can be

           either fully computerized, human or a combination of both. DSSs include knowledge-

           based systems


1290. In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the  decision-making

          ability of a human expert. Expert systems are designed to solve complex problems by reasoning

          about knowledge,  like an expert, and not by following the procedure of a developer as is the case in

          conventional programming. The first expert systems were created in the 1970s and then proliferated

          in the 1980s. Expert systems were among the first truly successful forms of AI software. An expert

          system has a unique structure, different from traditional programs. It is divided into two parts, one

          fixed, independent of the expert system: the inference engine, and one variable: the knowledge base.    

          To run an expert system, the engine reasons about the knowledge base like a human.  In the 80s a

          third part appeared: a dialog interface to communicate with \ users.  This ability to conduct a  

          conversation with users was later called "conversational Eg. Stanford Heuristic Programming

          Project, including the "father of expert systems"   with the Dendral and Mycin


1291. The Delphi method  is a structured communication technique, originally developed as a systematic,

          interactive forecasting method which relies on a panel of experts. By O.  Helmer


1292. Institutional repository is an online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating - in digital

          form - the intellectual output of an institution, particularly a research institution.  This would include

          materials such as research journal articles, before (preprints) and after (postprints) undergoing

          peer review, and digital versions of theses and dissertations.


1293. Ontologies to overcome the limitations of keyword-based search has been put forward as one of the

          motivations of the Semantic Web since its emergence in the late 90’s.  Ontologies provide

          controlled vocabularies for the classification of content.


1294. Gray literature means in the words of M.C. Debachere. Examples of grey literature include

          technical reports from government agencies or scientific research groups,  working papers from

          research groups or committees, white papers, or preprints. The term grey literature is often

          employed exclusively with scientific research in mind, evertheless, grey literature is not a specific

          genre of document, but a specific, non-  commercial means of disseminating information.


1295.  DSpace is a turnkey institutional  repository is service offered by the DuraSpace not-for-profit

          Organization SpaceDirect is the hosted repository solution for low-cost discovery, access,

          archiving, and preservation. DSpaceDirect will preserve and provide access to academic faculty

           and student papers, projects, and research. DSpaceDirect can also be used to store and share large

           image, video, and audio files.


1296. Impact factor is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published

          in science and social science journals.


1297. The impact factor was devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for  Scientific

           Information (ISI), now part of Thomson Reuters. Impact factors are calculated  yearly for those

           journals that are indexed in Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports


1298. Harold Lasswell formulated the core questions of content analysis: "Who says what, to  whom,

          why, to what extent and with what effect of W5


1299. SSDC referred to the National Documentation Centre now known as: NASSDOC


1300. Web 2.0 is associated with web applications that facilitate participatory information sharing,

           interoperability, user-centered design, and collaboration on the World Wide Web.


1301. Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites, hosted

          services, web applications, mashups and folksonomies. The term related closely realted Tim

          O'Reilly because of the O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 conference in late 2004.


1302. Hyperlinks give us choices when we look for information, listen to music, purchase products, and

          engage in similar activities. They take the form of buttons, underlined words and phrases, and other

         “hot” areas on the screen.


1303. Hypertext refers to the use of hyperlinks (or simply “links”) to present text and static graphics.

          Many websites are entirely or largely hypertexts.


1304. Hypermedia refers to the presentation of video, animation, and audio, which are often referred to

          as “dynamic” or “time based” content or as “multimedia.


1305. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has set-up the "Indian National

          Digital Library in Engineering Sciences and Technology (INDEST) Consortium


1306. Infometrics: the study of quantitative aspect of information in any form.


1307. Bibliometrics: the study of quantitative aspect of production, dissemination and use of Recorded



1308. Cybermetrics: the study of quantitative aspect of Internet as a whole.


1309. Webometrics: the study of quantitative aspect of web/web site.


1310. Scientometrics: the study was introduced in 1976, it’s study of quantitative aspect of science as a

          discipline or economic activity.


1311. Bjorn born & Ingwersen have proposed a differentiated terminology distinguishing between

          studies of the web and studies of all Internet applications. They use ‘webometrics’ for study of web

          and ‘cybermetrics’ for study of Internet applications


1312. Social network is a social structure made up of individuals (or organizations) called "nodes", which  

          are tied (connected) by one or more specific types of interdependency, such as friendship, kinship,

          common interest, financial exchange, dislike, sexual relationships, or relationships of beliefs,

          knowledge or prestige.


1313. RDF is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a

          metadata data model.


1314. Really Simple Syndication RSS, originally RDF Resource_Description_Framework) Site Summary,

          often dubbed RSS) is a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works-such

          as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video-in a standardized format.


1315. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit online.


1316. Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, originally described it

           as "the simplest online database that could possibly work. "Wiki" pronounced [witi] or [viti]) is a

           Hawaiian word meaning "fast" or "quick.


1317. The spiral of scientific method  Nadir (Starting point), Ascendant,(Growing) Zenith (Peak) and

           Descendant (fall down)


1318. EJ Coates - Things, Property, Material, Action (Subject Cataloges)


1319. Current awareness bulletin is Information product.


1320. Non- sampling errors are referred to as the errors of  Quantification


1321. The method for reducing the physical size of a block of information is called Data  compression,  

1322. Public Library and Museum Act-1964


1323. Rubert Fugmann developed the theory of Information Supply and Indexing based on five  

          axioms (doctorines) such as - definability; order; sufficient degree of order; predictability;

          and  Fidelity


1324. The smallest unit of data in a database is Field


1325. Arrange the contribution in management in the proper chronological order?

          Ans. Henary Gant(1861), Juran(1904), Peter Durker(1909), Ishikawa(1915).


1326. Select the right sequence of contribution of classificationists in the chronological order?

          Ans. Franic Bacon(1561), W.T.Harris(1835), Melvil Dewey(1851), J.D.Brown(1969).


1327. Delivery books and new papers act 1954 this act National library gets 3 copies of each

          book publishers any publisher of the country in 1956 it was revised 4 copies.


1328. National Depository libraries are 

          1) The Connemara Public Library at (Chennai), 2) The National Library (Calcutta)

          3) The Central Library at Mumbai, 4) The Delhi Public library  (Delhi)


1329. Which of the following indexes only papers presented in the conference

         Current research abstracts


1330. Classified Catalogue mainly consists of  2 part


1331. KWIC indexing techniques is based on Title


1332. Which edition of DDC was published in the year 2008 ( 22ND ED).


1333. UBUNTU is free and open source operating system. Latest version 'ubuntu 12.04 LTS' or

          previous versions


1334. In 2000-  Information Technology Act was enacted.


1335. The purpose of the Metadata are unique identification and  Authentication of records.


1336. INTUTE  is a free online service that helps to find web resources for studies and research.

          Intute (Established  1996) is hosted by MIMAS at The University of Manchester. INTUTE

          was closed on July 2011. Intute is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee

         (JISC), with support from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), and

          Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).        


1337. ICOLC - International Coalition of Library Consortia - An informal organization of

          library consortia; the group focuses on consortia related to higher education.


1338. 1952- Classification Research Group was formed.


1339. 1963- The 6th edition of CC was reprinted.          


1340. In 1951 Delhi Public Library was established by UNESCO’s, inaugurated by Pandit Jawaharlal

          Nehru Public Library Pilot Project Delivery of Books Public Library Act was enacted in May 21st,

          1954, Delhi public library in 1951.


1341. Saraswathi Mahal Library established on 1820 at Tanjore (TN), by Maharaja Sarfoji-II


1342. In 1896 Connemara Library at Madras opened to Public


1343. In 1948 Imperial Library Calcutta declared as National Library of India by then Education Minister

          of India Moulana Abulkalam Azad.


1344. In 1891 Imperial Library was established in Calcutta by making different Government Department libraries together. In 30th, January 1903 opened to public by Lord Curzon. The National Library came into being in place of Imperial Library by the “Imperial Library (Change of Name) Act” in 1948. It was accorded a special status of an institution of national importance in the Article 62 in the 7th Schedule of the Union list of the Constitution of India and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Union Minister of Education opened the Library to Public on 1st February 1953.


1345. Periodicals are included in 1956.


1346. UNESCO defines a book as bound non-periodical publication 49 or more pages.


1347. ILFA conference was held in India in the year 1992 and 2010 (New Delhi)


1348. The most powerful library committee is (Advisory committee)


1349. Date stamp and date slip are used in Browne charging system is highly followed in Indian



1350. Spin label consists of (Class Number)


1351. Library statistics form the most important basis for the presentation of (Annual report of a library)

1352. What are the important book selection sources (Human sources and Documentary  sources)


1353. Agriculture of crons is the Lamination mode of formation of Subject


1354. Staff formula for personnel estimation was devised by (S R R)


1355. “Best is the enemy of good’ is said by  Voltair


1356. Opaque paper is Ultra-white thin paper


1357. 3 logical stages in user education


1358. First edition of Encyclopedia Britannica Published in the year 1768-1771 of 3 Volumes.  published

          from Encyclopedia Britannica in corporation  America.  has been divided 3 parts. Propeadia,

          Micropaedia  it has 10 Volumes, three is Macropedia.


1359. The first automated citation indexing was done by CiteSeer in 1997


1360.  Library as a living system “takes a new matter ,cast off old matter, changes in size and takes new

           shapes and term.” Said by Dr. S.R. Ranganathan


1361. 1st Library act ant National Level in the world- 14 August 1850  


1362. Lok Sabha Secretariate Library Service is called as LARRDIS



1363. Sadler Committee, 1916

          Riche committee, 1926

          Statham Committee, 1932

          Fayzee Commision 1939


1364. Various Reports

1) Adams Report-1915

2) Mitchell & Kenyon Report-1924

3) McColvin Report-1942

4) Robert Report-1959

5) UGC-UK (Parry Committee Report)-1964


1365. Library Classification

1. DDC by Melvil Dewey 1876

2. Expansive Classification by C.A. Cutter- 1879

3. Library of Congress Classification 1902

4. Subject Classification by J. D. Brown 1906

5. Colon Classification by S.R. Ranagathan, 1933

6. Bibliographic Classification by H. E. Bliss 1935

7. International Classification by F. Rider 1961.

8. BBK (The Bibliothecal-Bibliographic Classification (BBK) 1968 USSR.

              9. The Broad System of Ordering -1978 (UNESCO & FID)


1366. Library Associations World and India

             1. American Library Association- 1876

             2. Library Association (UK)-1877 now Known as Chartered institute of Library and

                 Information   Professionals (From 2002) 1877  (now name changed in 2002 as CILIP)

             3. Association of Special Libraries and Information Beureaux –ASLIB 1924

             4. IFLA- 1929

             5. UBC-1974, UAP-1976

             6. Special Library Association(SLA) 1909

             7. FID 1895, Huge, Information and Documentation (FID) dissolved in 2002

             8. UNESCO 1946 located at parries

             9. India Library Association 1933

            10. IASLIC 1955

            11. RRRLF 1972

            12. INSDOC 1952 & NISCOM merged Now called NISCAIR 30,sept 2002

            13. IATLIS 1969, Hyderabad

            14. SIS 1976, Delhi (Society for Information Science)

            15. Library of Congress United States. Founded in 1800


1367. Development in Libraries (United States of America)

1) Pioneer of Social Libraries- Benjamin Franklin

2) Boston Public Library Act-1848

3) 1st General library Law-1956

4) Library of Congress Shared Cataloguing service-1901




1368. National Libraries of the worlds

1) Bibliothec National, Paris (National Library, France) 1440

2) Imperial Library – 1835

3) Library of Congress, USA 1800

4) State Lenin Library, Moscow 1862

5) National Library, Germany 1912

6) National Diet Library, Japan 1948


1369. Pre-Coordinate Indexing

1. Kaisers systematic Indexing 1911

2. Relational Indexing- J.E.L.Farradane 1950

3. Coats Subject Indexing- E.J. Coats 1963

4. PRECIS-Derek Austin 1974

5. POPSI- G. Bhattacharya 1979


1370. Library Networks –India

1. NICNET 1977

2. ERNET 1986


4. DELNET 1988

5. ADINET 1993

6. CALIBNET 1993

7. MALIBNET 1993

8. MYLIBNET 1994


10. HELINET 2003


1371. Library Management Software and Digital Library Software Operating Systems

1. CDS/ISIS 1985

2. WINISIS Distributed in 1995, Version 1.31 launched in November 1998.


4. SOUL 2000

5. KOHA 2000

              6. EPRINTS 2000

7. DSPACE 2002



1372. Cataloguing and Bibliographic Description Standards, Subject Headings

1. Library of Congress Subject Headings 1898

2. Sears List of Subject Headings (SLSH) 1923

3. AACR first published 1966

4. MARC 1966

5. AACR-I 1967

6. CCF 1972

7. ISBD 1974

8. UNIMARC 1977

9. AACR-II 1978



1373. Operting system  

          1. Unix 1969,      2. Liux 1991,   3. Ms-DoS 1982,   4. Windows 1985


1374. National Library and Established Year

  1. Rampur Raza Library, Uttar Pradesh 1774

  2. Connemara Public Library 1896

  3. Khuda Baksha Oriental Public Library 1891

  4. Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Pune 1917

  5. Sarasvati Mahal Library 1918 (Became public Library)

  6. National Medical Library, New Delhi 1947 (became NML on 1st April 1966.)

              7. Delhi Public Library 1951

  8. DRTC, Bangalore 1962

  9. Raja Ram Mohan Roy Library Foundation 1972


1375. Post-Coordinate Indexing

1. UNITERM- Martimer Taube 1953


1376. Science Citation Index 1964


1377. Social Science Citation Index 1973


1378. Arts & Humanities Citation Index 1978


1379. Roget’s Thesaurus 1852


1380. Scopus Abstract and citation database of research literature


1381. J-Store (1995) Journal Storage


1382. Emeralds Full text Journal Publishers


1383. Science Direct full-text scientific database


1384. ERIC Database, (Education Resources Information Center), is the world's largest digital

         library of education literature for Earth & Science


1385. J-Gate (2001) J-Gate is an electronic gateway to global e-journal literature


1395. Project MUSE (1993) Online database of more than 200 journals from non-profit



1386. EBSCO Reference Databases


1387. Pubmed citations for biomedical articles from MEDLINE


1388. IndMed A Bibliographic Database of Indian Biomedical Literature is an indexing of

          medical and other biomedical journals from India not cover in Medline.



1389. LISA Library and Information Science Abstracts is an international abstracting and

          indexing tool designed for library professionals and other information specialists


1390. There are Four (4) kinds of mnemonics’ is notation as recognized by Dr. S.R.Ranganathan


1391. The book “Classification and Indexing” and “Information Science: Theory and

          Practice (1987)”  was authorized by B.C. Vickery


1392. The facet formula for Education is colon classification is T(P) : (E), (2P). (2P2)


1394. In UDC, the inter-relationship between the two subjects is denoted by : (Colon)


1395. In DDC standards subdivision are similar to that of in C common isolates

1396. According to Dr. S.R. Ranganathan ‘Library Civics and Hygiene’ means Physique of Book


1397. Digital collection developed for capturing the intellectual output of a single or multi institution is

           called as Digital Repository


1398. INFLIBNET initiative for “Integrated e-content ports: Gateway to All Learners” is named as:



1399. Intellectual Literacy Day is celebrated on 8th September


1400. Genamics Journal Seek  the largest completely categorized database of freely available

          journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 95320 titles.

          Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation,  

          Journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.


1401. Econlit The American Economic Association’s electronic bibliography, EconLit, indexes

         more than thirty years of economics literature from around the world. Compiled and

         abstracted in an easily searchable format, EconLit is a comprehensive index of journal

          articles, books, book reviews, collective volume articles, working papers and dissertations


1402. REPEC Research Papers in economics. Collaborative volunteer effort to enhance the

          dissemination of research in economics. The database contains information on more than

         585,000 items


1404. PNotes (Pinned Notes or Portable Notes) is written entirely in C and   Windows API (with

          Pelles C for Windows IDE) Portable can placed on a portable hard drive, USB flash drive,

          iPod or a CD and use it on any PC, without leaving any kind of personal information

          behind flexible settings - both for the program in whole and for individual note.



1405. As per the staff formulae recommended by Ranganathan in technical section one

          professional can do the technical work of how many books  2000    


1406. A catalogue tray contain  1500 cards         


1407. The provision of phase relation in DDC was made available from  7th edition  

 1408. Standards and Manuals for Thesaurus construction The ANSI/NISO Z39.19 Standard of 2005

           defines guidelines and conventions for the format, construction, testing,  maintenance,  and

           management of monolingual controlled vocabularies including lists,  synonym rings, taxonomies,

           and thesauri.  Z39.50 is a client–server protocol for searching and retrieving information from

           remote   computer databases. It is covered by ANSI/NISO standard Z39.50, and ISO standard 3950.

           The standard's   maintenance agency is the Library of Congress.


1409. The first study regarding bibliometrics was conducted in 1917 by ‘Cole and ‘Eale’.  They wrote

          “the history of comparative Anatomy; part-I: A Statistical Analysis” so the term for the First time

           used as ‘Statistical Analysis’.


      1410. National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was constituted in June 2005 by the Prime Minister

                Dr. Manmohan Singh, under the Chairmanship of Mr. Sam Pitroda, to prepare a blueprint for reform

                of our knowledge related institutions and infrastructure which would  enable India to meet the

                challenges of the future.

               The Terms of Reference of NKC are:

·         Build excellence in the educational system to meet the knowledge challenges of the  21st century and increase India’s  competitive advantage in fields of knowledge.

  • Promote creation of knowledge in Science & Technology laboratories.

  • Improve the management of institutions engaged in Intellectual Property Rights.

  • Promote knowledge applications in Agriculture and Industry.

  • Promote the use of knowledge capabilities in making government an effective, transparent and accountable service provider to the citizen and promote widespread sharing


1411. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of

          Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner,  as mandated by 86th

          amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of

          6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.


1412. International Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR) is a registered independent

          organization, a unit of CSIR (New Delhi) delivering supports and services to education

          professionals and researchers around world, especially those from the developing countries.


1413. Cabell Publishing, Inc., was founded in 1978, Their goal is to help professors, graduate students

          and researchers to publish their manuscripts in academic journals.


1414. Index Cophernicus Journals is a journal indexing, ranking and abstracting site.


1415. Q-Sensei pools and processes a vast amount of information from the Internet and makes it better

          accessible to its users with its patented Search and Presentation engine.


1416. Ulrich's™ is the authoritative source of bibliographic and publisher information on more than

          300,000 periodicals of all types academic and scholarly journals, Open Access publications, peer-

          reviewed titles, popular magazines, newspapers, newsletters and more  from around the world.

          It covers all subjects, and includes publications.


1417. Microsoft Academic Search is a free service developed by Microsoft Research to help scholars,

          scientists, students, and practitioners quickly and easily find academic content, researchers,

          institutions, and activities.


1418. EBSCO is the only database aggregator that is also a subscription agent. As a result, the company

          has a unique understanding of the needs and concerns of publishers.


1419. Scirus is the most comprehensive scientific research tool on the web (Outdated) The Scirus

          homepage currently (Feb 2014) indicates that the service is no longer running.


1420. ProQuest connects people with vetted, reliable information. Key to serious research, the company

          has forged a 70-year reputation as a gateway to the world’s knowledge – from dissertations to

          governmental and cultural archives to news, in all its form


1421. Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place,

          you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court

          opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and

          other web sites


1422. CiteSeerx is an evolving scientific literature digital library and search engine that focuses primarily

          on the literature in computer and information science.


1423. Jour Informatics is a non-profitable organization. It is a medium for introducing the  Journals to

          the researchers. This service helps researchers to finding appropriate Journal for referencing and

          publishing their quality paper.


1424. “Choice of books is an unending work”  said by C.A. Cutter


1425. N-List has been developed for the benefit  for college libraries.


1426. The  AICTE was set up in November 1945 based on the recommendations of  Central Advisory

           Board of Education (CABE)


1427. Resource sharing among libraries was promoted by the factors of Price escalation and Information



1428. The Bibliothecal-Bibliographic Classification (BBK). A classification system for the libraries of the

           U.S.S.R., the BBK was elaborated by the Lenin Library in Masco (1960-1968) and published 30

           volumes. The BBK consisit of  21 main classess


1429. Encyclopedia provides “Factual Information”


1430. The Broad System of Ordering (BSO) UNESCO in 1971 and elaborated FID was  published in 1978


1431. In 6th May 1665 invented the Scientific journals


1432. (BIOSIS) Biological abstracts published by Thomson Reuters Philadelphia


1433. DIALOG was introduced  by Roger K. Summit to provide Online Service is being provided by

          IDRC, Information Service presently undertaken by  Knigt-Ridder information


1434. Nalanda Database of Indian Libraries was created by NISCAIR


1435. Different nodes in a network are connected and they communicated are determined by the Network



1436. The network topology in nodes are connected to a central hub is known as Star Topology.


1437. Reader guide to periodical literature 1900 New York (USA) published by W.H. Wilson

         (Cummulate book index)


1438. Half-Life of information by Charless F Gosnell, in 1944 realted to Rate of Obsolecence.


1439. An E- book which does not require an internet connection to access its contents is Digital Book


1440. The term "half-life" comes from Burton, R. E., and R. W. Kebler. 1960. The "half-life" of some

           scientific and technical literatures.


1441. The Post Office Protocol (POP) is a protocol used by local e-mail clients to retrieve email from a

           remote server over TCP/IP connection.


1442. The word Bibliography was used in the scense of copying for the 1st time in 1656 by Thomas Blount

           in his Academic of Eloquence.


1443. Computer robots are simply programs that automate repetitive tasks at speeds impossible  for

          humans to reproduce. The term boot on the internet is usually used to describe anything that

          interfaces with the user or that collects data


1444. Gerard Salton,  was the father of modern search technology. Salton’s Magic Automatic  Retriever

          of Text included important concepts like the vector space model, Inverse Document Frequency

          (IDF), Term Frequency (TF), term discrimination  values, and relevancy feedback mechanisms


1445. Harvard and Cornell developed the SMART informational retrieval system.


1446. Advanced Research Projects Agency Network: ARPANet from 1972. First Search  engine is

          ARCHIE or Archieve in 1990


1448. The Guide was renamed YAHOO acronym for “Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle”:


1449. In 1994 Jerry and Davis launched Guide to the world wide web began


1450. Search engines use "spiders" which search (or spider) the web for information. They are software

          programs which request pages much like regular browsers do. In addition to reading the contents of

          pages for indexing spiders also record links.


1451. Browser WebCrawler launched in April 1994


1452. Lycos launched  20th July 1994


1453. Altavista lauched 15th Dec 1995


1454. HotBot, Looksmart and Google launched in May of 1996


1455. Ask Launched in April 1997 and MSM launched in 1998, Bing was launched in 2010


1456. VLIB Time Berners-Lee set up a Virtual Library in 1992


1457. 12-selection of classification scheme for the library can be categorized as  strategic decision

1458.  Joan Blau’s Le Grand Atlass (French Edition) is the largest ATLAS available in the world


1459.  Bibliography of Bibliographies come under the Tertiary Sources


1460.  Author abstract which is written for a specific group of user


1461.  In Research, Review of Literature consider as the most important component


1462.  The term “Knowledge management” was coined by K. Wiig


1463.  The term knowledge worker was coined by Peter Drucker

1464.  Tacit to Explicit is the process of Externalization


1465.  Tacit to Tacit knowledge is socialization


1466.  Explicit to Tacit knowledge is  Internalization


1467.  Explicit to Explicit knowledge is Combination


1468. The term Intellectual Capital introduced by Stewart

1469. KWIC Indexing  system  uses  a single term  and  an  accession  number  of the document  as an

          indicator of reference.


1470. In AACR- Symbol used for :

(i)  In  AACR-II connecting  symbol for  size  of  the  document  - Semicolon

(ii) Connecting  symbol  for statement of  responsibility - Diagonal  Slash

(iii) Connecting  symbol  between place  and  name  of  the publisher - Colon

(iv)  Connecting  symbol  for accompanying material – Plus


1471. Growth of information beyond manageable limits is known us Information Explosion


1472. The European Translation Centre is located at Netherland


1473. In Sear list of subject Heading ‘XX’ Denotes See also entries


1474. Associate Membership found on IFLA


1475. Octave Device increase the capacity of national in any array


1476. “Task and Bonus” system is developed by Henry Gantt


1477. Pascal Adding machine was invented in the year 1642


1478. Paul Otlet and Henry La fontaine the two persons responsible for the establishment of FID


1479. The components of a Network is/ are Media


1480. OCT  is an a Input device


1481. One who makes a scheme of classifications is called as Classificationist


1482. Censorship of Information means Prohibition of the production and distribution of materials

          considered objectable


1483. The keyboard consists of Alphanumerical keys, Punctuation keys, Function Keys


1484. National documentation centre in India are NISCAIR, SENDOC, DESIDCO


1485. LC Marks service began with US Imprints


1486. Computer Mouse was invented by Dougles Engelhand


1487. Translation service is a feature of Special Libraries


1488. The First device to employ concepts similar to a computer war ABACUS


1489. The FID/CA committee on classicfiation theory was found in 1950


1490. NACLIN is sponsored by DELNET


1491. The Disadvantage of “Bureaucratic Mode is conflict and Groupism


1492. In the title “Prevention of Lung disease In india” the personality is Lung


1493. If there are two or more kinds of collaborates, which connecting symbols is used between two kinds

          of collaborators in CCC ( ; ) semicolon


1494. “LB, 9.4.6” LB denotes System


1495. The term Literary Warrant was coined by W. Hulme, term means that that an indexer or

          classifier has to provide adequate ground for the indexing, classifying (as well as the  definition of

          indexing terms and classes in classification systems) in the literature.  Warrant is also the

          justification for the inclusion of a term or a class in a controlled vocabulary as well as its definition

          and relations to other terms.  (Library of Congress Classification (LC).


1496. The term IRON represents in CC A Basic Subject


1497. Chemical Abstract is published by American Chemical Society from 1907


1498. Ribbon arrangement is associated with Shelving of Books


1499. RIC stands for Rider’s International Classification


1500. In CC & the Empty –emptying digits are u,w,y


1501. The Hectographic process is Spirit duplicating method


1502. Dizo copying is a method of Photographic Reprographic service.


1503. Biolography was first used by Louis Jacob De Saint Charles


1504. Readers Guide to periodical literature is a Indexing Service


1505. BLDSC is an example of Document supply Service


1506. MAITRAYEE Software was developed by CMC ltd Kolkata


1507. An Information system may be neither A mission oriented system nor A discipline Oriented System.


1508. SIRNET is operational by CSIR


1509. In networks, OSI stands for Open systems Interconnection

1510. FW Lancaster theory  of scales  for  the measurement of  operational variables 

1511. Plotter is used for Printing Drawing and graphs


1512. IBM Designed Microlinix


1513. Hard Disk are also called as Winchester disk


1514. Fiber optical is used in Telecommunication


1515. Machine Language is a low level languages in computer terminology.


1516. When the power is switched on, the file which is automatically executed is the AUTOEXE.Bat


1517. In CDS/ISI has been developed by UNESCO, formatting language, V precedes a Tag


1518. Hawthrone Experiments were conducted by Elton Mayo


1519. System theory is developed due to the effects of Wan Bertallenfy.


1520. Pigeon hold rack is a type of  Periodical display rack.


1521. Internal and External environment is considered at the of Planning


1523. E-Zine is a term used. Electronic Magzine.


1524. The term external criticism is relived to Historical method


1525. Descriptive language is a an Indexing language


1526. The relationship between the term “ship” and Boat is Semantic Relation


1527. The concept “used for’ in thesaurus is concerned with Equivalent relationship. Thesaurus contains

           more subjects


1528. Applied Science and Technology index has been published by H.W. Wilson Company


1529. The degree to which the subject matter of a documents is reflected through the index industries is

           known as Specificity


1530. The concept “Sought Links’ is associated with Chain Indexing.


1531. Library of Congress subject heading published currently in Five Volumes


1532. Mixed responsibility in AACR-2 in connected by ; (Semicolon)


1533. AACR-2-PART-2 Deals with Determination of Headings or Access Points.


1534. Sears subject heading are linked to appropriate DDC Number


1535. Ind Cat is a Union Catalogue of Indian Universities compiled by INFLIBNET


1536. National Library of Congress uses AACR-I code to catalogue its books


1537. The last Canon of Cataloguing enunciated by S.R. Ranganathan is Canons of Recall Value.


1538. Catalogue which has number entries and work entries is known as Classified Catalogue


1539.  Matched list

           a) British Museum Code  1841

           b) ALA Code                    1949

           c) Anglo-American Code 1908

           d) Rules for Dictionary Cataloge 1876


1540. Class Index Entry in CCC is known as Subject analytical Entry


1541. Specific Index is provided in Colon Classification


1542. SLIC stands for Selective Listing in Combination 


1543. The term Subject Reference code (SRC) is related to Board System of Ordering First appeared in



1544. Online Search Information Registration and Inquiry system was the software of ALA


1545. Cluster is formerly known as subject Bundle example’s Indology & Sindology


1547. The Dissections mode of formation of subjects now is nearly same as Fission


1548. The first English edition of UDC is considered as in 4th Edition


1549. Effective human resource management is focused on Action


1550. Fieder’s theory of leadership is known as Contingency Model


1551. Non-Programmed type of decisions are normally undertaken by the top level management


1552. Building expenditure is Capital expenditure


1553. The major areas to be covered in the library buildings is /are Architectural work,  Departmental

          Analysis and Environmental factors.


1554. Management Grid was formulated by Black and Moutan


1555. Likert name is associated with Style of leadership


1556. DEVSIS  is promoted by IDRC


1557. Margaret Mann is known in the subject of Cataloging


1558. The Professonship in library science for the first time was created in 1886 by Goming University


1559. Expert System consists of . . . .

                 (A) Number of experts working in the system

                 (B) Computerized information system

                 (C) Information system built using artificial intelligence.

                 (D) Information system for experts.

 1560.  In Classified Catalogue Code, which of the following is ‘Number Entry’?

                (A) Book Index Entry                                (B) Class Index Entry

                (C) Cross Reference Entry                         (D) Cross reference Index Entry


1561. Delegation of authority means . . . .

                (A) Transfer of authority by librarian

                (B) Transfer of authority within prescribed limits

                (C) Decentralization of power among library staff

                (D) Sharing of power among library staff only.




1562. Concept of Feedback is found in . . . .

                (A) MBO                            (B) PERT

                (C) System Approach       (D) Job Analysis


1563. Broadband connectivity does not . . . .

                (A) Increase speed of data transfer

                (B) help in transferring audio-visual signals

                (C) permit transfer through cable wires

                (D) transfer data through electrical wires


1564. Bradford’s Law is used for which type of data analysis?

                (A) Occurrence analysis                           (B) Citation analysis

                (C) Scattering analysis                           (D) Rank frequency analysis


1565. Job Description refers to . . . .

                (A) Enumeration and description of each operation in a job

                (B) Analysis of a given job into different levels

                (C) Assigning responsibilities

                (D) Description of the duties of staff


1566. The principle of ‘Context Dependency’ is associated with  PRECIS


1567.  In the Cranfield studies (1960), retrieval experiments were conducted on a variety of test

          databases in a controlled, laboratory-like setting. In the second series of experiments,

          known as Cranfield II, alternative indexing languages constituted the performance

          variable under investigation. The aim of the research was to find ways to improve the

          relative retrieval effectiveness of IR systems through better indexing languages and

          methods (Cleverdon, 1970). The components of the Cranfield experiments were: a small

           test collection of documents, a set of test queries, and a set of relevance judgments, that is

          a set of documents judged to be relevant to each query.


1568. If a new library wants to provide for 25,000 books, how many double-sided standard size

           racks will be required 100


1569. After almost 20 years at the helm as Editor in Chief of the DDC, Joan Mitchell retired at

          the end of Feb 2013



1570. Michael Panzer becomes the first DDC Editor-in-Chief from outside the United States.  

         Appointed 2013 March


1571. In 1985, some public libraries implemented the integrated library management systems Like

          URICA, VTLA, GEAC, DOBIS/LIBIS with OPAC models developed

1572. NISO Publishes Maintenance Revisions of Dublin Core and SUSHI Standards Baltimore, MD - March 5, 2013 - The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) announces the publication of maintenance revisions of two widely used standards: The Dublin Core  Element Set (ANSI/NISO Z39.85-2012) and The Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) Protocol (ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2013). Both standards were revised to make very minor updates.

1573. NewGenLib(NGL) Adaptation Program proves it a MYTH. Implementing NGL Open Source is not just cost-effective, it is ZERO-COST.

1574. Vidyanidhi (Meaning 'Treasure of Knowledge' in Sanskrit) is India's premier Digital library initiative to facilitate the creation, archiving and accessing of doctoral theses. Vidyanidhi is envisioned to evolve as a national repository and a consortium for e-theses through participation and partnership with universities, academic institutions and other stake holders. Vidyanidhi enhances access to Indian theses and enlarges the reach and audience for Indian doctoral research works. 2013

1575. Digital Library of India, part of the online services of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

           and partner in the Million Book Project, provides free access to many books in English and

           Indian languages.


1576. National Science Digital Library (NSDL) aims at providing comprehensive S&T information to

          students of science, engineering and technology in the country. Begun as a  Tenth Five Year Plan

          Network Project of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.


1577. State Central Library of Kerala is also known as Trivandrum Public Library, situated at the heart of Thiruvananthapuram city, the capital of Kerala. It is the first public library in India; established in the year 1829 A.D during the reign of His Highness Sree Swathi Thirunal Maharaja of Travancore. The work of starting and organising the Library was entrusted to Col. Edward Cadogan, the then British Resident who was the grand son of Sir Hans Sloan, the founder of the British Museum. He was the first president of the Trivandrum Public Library committee.


1578. Michael Stern Hart, who at the age of 25, invented the e-book in 1971.


1579. Project Gutenberg offers over 42,000 free ebooks: choose among free epub books,  free  kindle

          books, download them or read them online. All ebooks were previously  published by bona fide

          publishers. Project Gutenberg's founder, Michael Hart


1580. All forms of books make a valuable contribution to education and the dissemination of  culture and

           information. The diversity of books and editorial content is a source of enrichment that we must

           support through appropriate public policies and protect from  uniformity. "  by Irina Bokova





1581. eGyanKosh- (Digital Library) a National Digital Repository to store, index, preserve, distribute

          and share the digital learning resources developed by the Open and Distance Learning Institutions

          in the country. Items in eGyanKosh are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved by IGNOU


1582.  KrishiKosh, the Institutional Repository under Indian NARS (National Agriculture Research

           System) for Agriculture and allied sciences having collection of old and valuable books, records

           and various documents spread all over the country in different libraries of Research Institutions

           and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs).New Delhi, 2012


1583. Secretary of Library committee – Librarian


1584. Students & Book Ratio as per the AICTE Norms

          100 Title and 500 Volume on every 60 Students

           It means 500 Divided by 100 = 5 books each Title prerserve/Purchase in Library



             -------  x 5 = 8 books per students will get from the Library.



1585. First Library Journal in India - Indian Library Journal


1586. Extension service to the Blind - 2nd Law of Lib.Sc. (Every reader her/his book)


1587. Library Legislation - 2nd Law of Lib.Sc. (Every reader her/his book)

1588. Associated with child Growth and Adult Growth – 5th Law of Lib.Sc. (Library is growing   


1589. Weeding of Book - 5th Law of Lab’s. (Library is growing organism)

1589. Open Access - 3rd Law of Lab’s. (Every book his/her reader)

1590. Public Law 480(PL480) - an American Law

1591. Radhakrishnan, Mudliar commission, Khothari commission for – Academic Library

1592. Parry committee (U.K.) for - University Library

1593. The Kenyon Committee(U.K.) -1927 the Kenyon Committee on Public Libraries

1594. The Public Library Manifesto - FID

1595. General Information Program - UNESCO

1596. Oldest Indian Library science Journal - Library miscellany

1597. Library science with a slant to Documentation – Sarda Ranganathan Endowment for  Lib.Sc.


1598. Herald of Library Science- Lucknow ,(Varanasi) Published by P.N. Kaula at the Eureka  

          Publications, [1962]


1599. LIBRI - Denmark

1600. Three Level of Management - Top, Middle, Operational

1601. Scalar Chain- Authorty structure, Top to Bootam

1602. Span of controle - The number of subordinate to be supervised

1603. Library Authority Indicate - Library Member

1604. Library committee - A group of person drawn with in the Library and expert from outside and

          representative from the user community

1605. Library committee is a example of - Statutory committee

1606. Book selection committee is a example of - Standing Committee

1607. Zero Based Budgeting - The method of Budgeting which is not concerned with what happened

          previously, but is more concerned with the requirement of the future.

1608. The different between expenditure and Income is Zero - Zero Based Budgeting

1609. Inter Library Loan is the Function of – Circulation

1610. Kardex system by – Ramington rand of India for Maintained of Periodical Record

1611. Modular construction is - Model building

1612. How many catalogue tray for 10000 Catalogue - 10

1613. National Library open for All - 1 Feb. 1953


1614. The seven basic tools for quality control was advocated by Kauro Ishikawa


1615. In a classification scheme, the arrangement of groups consisting of Infants, Children,

          Adolescents and Adults is known as :  A facet


1616. A library has the following sections: Children Section; Periodicals Section; Audio-Visual Section

          and Braille Section. Which of the following criteria have been used for this  departmentalization

          Function, Product and User.


1617. In a classification for Music, if at the first level, Music is divided into Classical and Cinema Music,

          which canon of classification is violated : An array


1618. The connection between ISBD and cataloguing code is :  ISBD includes Cataloging Code



1619. Under AACR 2, the main catalogue entry for a report published by the Department of psychology

           of the : M.S. University of Baroda should be rendered as : 

           Ans :  M.S.  University, Baroda, Department of Psychology


1620.  a PC connected to network is called Node


1621. Super Computer speed measured in terms of FLOPS


1622. A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media   technology to distribute a single content source to many simultaneous listeners/viewers. A webcast may either be distributed live or on demand. Essentially, webcasting is “broadcasting” over the Internet.

1623. The UGC has launched an e-PG Pathshala Project for standardizing textbook materials for MA, M.Sc and M.Com courses in different universities of the country 2013 November.

1624. A mashup, in web development, is a web page, or web application, that uses and combines data, presentation or functionality from two or more sources to create new services. The term implies easy, fast integration, frequently using open application programming interfaces (API) and data sources to produce enriched results that were not necessarily the original reason for producing the raw source data.

1625. P N Panicker :  Father of the Library Movement in Kerala passed away on 19th June 1995, at the age of 86. The Government of Kerala observes 19 June annually as Day of Reading  (Vayanadinam) with a weeklong series of book promotion  and  reading  activities at schools and public libraries  to honors his contributions in the field of  literacy, adult education and library movement.

1626. The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) of the union ministry of communication and information technology helped in setting up the library, Ambuly added. The library will operate from the Birchandra State Central Library, the oldest library in the region which was set up in 1896 in the Tripura capital Agartala.

1627. Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brine while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University. Together they own about 16 percent of its shares. They incorporated Google as a privately held company on September 4, 1998.

1628. Denis de sallo  issued the first number of the first published abstract journals, called Joural des scavans

1629. Beginning with 1984, Scientific and Technical Documentation Centre (CDST) of Centre National de la research Scientifique has started bring four categories of bibliographic publication, namely, PASCAL SIGMA, PASCAL THEMA, PASCAL FOLIO, PASCAL EXPLORE.

1630. LISA is available for Online searching via 2  database vendor LOCKHEED DIALOG & DERWENT – SDC ORBIT

1631. Current issue of LISA and the back files to 1969 are available on a magnetic tape service, also available as a complete file back to 1969, on CD-ROM as LISA PLUS,  Print file available.  Database contains LISA’s sister database, Current Research in Library and Information Science (CRLIS) as a separate file, and also available for online searching via DIALOG and BRS.

1632. W.A. KATZ used the Phrase control-Access directional type sources.

1633. Press Clipping Service carried out using  the News paper CAS service

1634. Xerography is the Wet process of reprography, it also called Electrostatic

1635. World Translation Index (WTI) is published by the ITC.  It is published in 10 issues per year and has an annual Index.  The “Annual Index” consists of “Author and Title Index”

1636. VINITI (All Union institute of Scientific and Technical Information 1952) is the National Documentation Centre of  RUSSIA

1637. STRN  is for Technical report

1638. First Notable Index is Pool’s Index

1639. Rank Xerox Machine was manufactured in England.

1640. A slanted Abstracts is “ One that is written for a specific group of users.

1641. LISA is arranged according to “A Special Scheme of Classification is published by PROQEST

1642. ATIRA  is a database of NISSAT, which is related to TEXTILE database

1643. AIGAION  is open source software for managing the bibliographic references.

1644. Blair and Maron evalution study on retrieval effectiveness of full text search is called

           Crane Field-II projects

1645. In content to modulation, PCM stands for PULSE CODE MODULATION

1646. Statistical analysis - 1917 by Cole and Ealse

          Statistical Bibliography – 1923 by Hulme

          Scientometrics  by T. Braun Nalimov et all.


          Number of citation Received in current year

IF = -------------------------------------------------------

        Paper published in the journal in the previous two years

1647. Formulate for Impact factor   =




1648. Non-parametric  test are  : U-Test, Kruskal-Wallis Test, Sign-Text,  Run-Test, T-Test,

          Null & Alternative Hypothesis, F-Test.


1649. U-Test is used to determine two independent samples have been drawn from the sample

           population. F- Test can  be  either,  depending  on the hypothesis

1650. Serendipity is Making discoveries by accident

1651. T- Test is applied when the sample size is  SMALL

1652. Multi dimension scaling is used to study Consumer attitudes

1653. The chi-Square test indicates a Non-Parametric test

1654. LAMP stands for Linux Apache, MySQL, Perl

1655. ZOTERO  is a “Bibliographic Reference Management System”



1656. Education and Research Network (ERNET) was launched by the Department of Education

          (DOE), Govt. of India in late 1986 with financial assistance from United Nationals Development

          Programme   (UNDP) to provide academic and research institutions with Electronic mail facilities.

          It is currently used by DSIR Labs, research centers and academic institutions.


1657. National library has launched the “Indian Library Review”, an “electronic digest” of  new

          concerning Indian libraries, libraries, user, Scholars and policy makers


1658. Calcutta Public Library was established in 1836. It was not a Government institution

1659. The Imperial Library was founded in 1891 by combining a number of Secretariat libraries.

1660. Imperial Library, was formally opened to the public on 30 January 1903 at Metcalf Hall,



1661. John Macfarlane, Assistant Librarian of the British Museum, London, was appointed

          the first Librarian of the Imperial Library.


1662. LOSS projects (library open source software). The characteristics and motivations of 126

          LOSS developers associated with SourceForge,  Foss4Lib, and Code4Lib


1663. Jill Colbert has been appointed Interim Chief Executive of CILIP with effect

          from 1 February 2015 (Martyn Wade, Chair of CILIP Council)


1664. Kurt Sanford CEO, of  PROQUEST related to ‘Dissertation  Abstracts  International'


1665. In 2015 The Association of College and Research libraries (ACRL) celebrates 75th

          aniversity (1940-2015)

1666. The three major IR models are:  (1)  Boolean Retrieval Model   (2)  Vector Space Retrieval 

           Model.  (3)  Probabilistic Retrieval Model


1667.  Bradford law (1934) -  Scattering Pattern

           Lotak law (1926) – Authors production

           Zips Law (1949) Word Frequency

           Eugene Cargield  - Citation Indexing


1668.  Management  of  the  Library  by Library  Committee is  an  example of Participative mangement.


1669. EDItEUR is the international group coordinating development of the standards

           infrastructure for electronic commerce in the book, e-book and serials sectors.

·         Bibliographic and product information for the book, e-book and serials sectors

·         EDI and other e-commerce transaction standards

·         The standards infrastructure for digital publishing

·         Rights management and trading

    Created in 1991 and established as a standards organisation in 1994, EDItEUR is truly international   

    with over 110 members from 25 countries, including North America (Canada, United States), most

    European countries, and the Asia-Pacific region (Australia, China, Japan, Korea).



1670. The ONIX for Books Product Information Message is the international standard for

          representing and communicating book industry product information information in

          electronic form. ONIX is an XML-based standard for rich book metadata, providing

          a consistent way for publishers, ONIX for Books Release 1.0 was published in 2000.

          ONIX 2.1 was fully supported by EDItEUR until the end of 2014. Codelists used in ONIX

          for Books – controlled vocabularies of descriptive terms (separate schema)(semantic)


1671. Intrapersonal communication means communication within one person, i.e., talking to oneself,

          reading something


1672. Interpersonal communication means communication between two or more persons.

          It could be face-to-face, or it could be at a distance with the help of telephone or letters,


1673.   Subjective, i.e., depends upon a specific user's judgment.

Situational, i.e., relates to a user's requirements.

Cognitive, ice., depends on human perception and behaviour.

Temporal, i.e., changes over time.

Measurable, i.e., observable at points in time.

1674. Delegation  of  authority involves Responsibility,  Authority  and Accountability

1675. AACR  2  divides  the  description  into  the  following   7 areas :

1.      Title  and  statement  of  responsibility  area  (Area  1)

2.      Edition  area  (Area  2)

3.      Material  specific  details  area  (Area  3)

4.      Publication,  distribution,  etc.  area  (Area  4)

5.      Physical  description  area  (Area  5)

6.      Series  area  (Area  6)

7.      Standard  number  and  terms  of  availability  area  (Area7)

    Precede each area, other than the first area or each occurrence of a note or standard number, etc.

    area,  by  a  full  stop,  space,  dash, space(.-)  unless the  area  begins  in  a  new paragraph.

1676. Index Translationum is a world bibliography of translations of Book

1677. D-Lib Magazine journals is available only in electronic form

1678. The Online Computer Library Center, Inc. (OCLC) is "a nonprofit, membership, computer

           library service and research organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the

           world's information and reducing information costs". Founded in 1967 as the Ohio College

           Library Center, OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat,

           the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the  world.


1679. Precision:is the ratio between the relevant retrieved documents to the total retrieved   

          documents froman IR system.



        Proportion of a retrieved set that is relevant

        Precision =    Relevant  Retrieved ÷  Retrieved
                         Relevant  Retrieved

Recall : Recall is the ratio between the number of relevant documents retrieved and

the total number of relevant documents available in the database or file or an

information system.

        proportion of all relevant documents in the collection included in the retrieved set

        Recall = Relevant  Retrieved  ÷ Relevant
           =         Retrieved  Relevant


                             Precision and Recall

Precision (P) measures the ability to retrieve top-ranked documents that are mostly relevant.

Recall (R) measures the ability of the search to find all of the relevant items in the corpus.



P =

  Total number of relevant documents


                           Number of relevant documents retrieved


                R=        Total number of documents retrieved


                           Number of relevant documents retrieved


1680.  A seminar is a form of academic instruction, either at an academic institution or offered by a

           commercial or professional organization. It has the function of bringing together small groups for

           recurring meetings, focusing each time on some particular subject, in which everyone present is

           requested to actively participate.


1682.  FIVE (5 Branches of Bibliography are Textual, Historical, Analytical or Critical, Systematic or

           Enumerative, Descriptive Textual Bibliography  bibliography seeks to identify variations in a

           text and whether the  author, editor, compositor, printer, or another is  responsible for those   



1682. Historical Bibliography Bibliography deals with the history and methods of book production  ie-

          printing binding , paper making, illustrating and publishing Bibliographic works differ in the

          amount of detail depending on the purpose and can generally be divided into Enumerative

          bibliography categories:  Analytical or Critical bibliography , which results in an overview of

          publications in a particular category and which studies the production of books.


1683. Descriptive  Bibliography is the area of bibliography which makes known precisely the material

          conditions of books ie- the full name of Author, exact title,  date and place of   publication... etc.


1684. Analytical bibliography  is a kind of bibliography which determines the facts and data concerning

          a publication by examining the signature, catchwords, cancels, and watermarks and making a record

          in an approved form of results 


1685. The MHRD dated 1st December, 2015  has merged following three consortia into E-Shodh Sindhu

          of INFLIBNET Centre (An Inter University Centre of UGC) Gandhinagar.

            1. UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium

2. INDEST-AICTE Consortium

3. NLIST Programme The INFLIBNET Centre has been assigned the responsibility for

execution and operation of E-Shodh Sindhu.


1686. The Big 6 model of Information problem solving” as enunciated by Eisenberg and Berkowitz.

           1.Task Definition, 2. Information Seeking strategies, 3.Use of Information 4.Synthesis   


1687.  (IFLA) has approved the Professional Code of Ethics for Librarians and Other Information

           Workers. A committee (consisting of five members from five countries) on Freedom of Access to

          Information and  Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) 

1688. Lok Sabha Secretariate Library Service is called as LARRDIS

1689. Fyzee Report recommended the establishment of district, taluka, town and village libraries

1690. Name the characteristics of information in which the more information we  have, the more we use,

          the more it becomes useful Synergetic Characteristics


1691. Shoudganga : the Shouldganga@INFLIBENT centre provides a plotfrom for esearch students for

          depsit their PH.D Theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access.

          The Repository has the ability to capture, index store, disseminate and preserve ETD’s submitted

         by the researchers


1692. e-Pathshala : the MHRD under its national Mission on Education through ICT (NME-ICT) has

          assigned work to the UGC for development of e-content in 71 subjects at postgraduate level.


1693. VIDWAN : Expert database is the premier database of profiles of Scientist/Researchers and other

          faculty members working at leading R&D organization and other Academic Institutions involved

         in teaching and research in india.  It provies important information about expert background,

         contact addres, skills and accomplishments.


1694. The term digital library was first used in 1994, in the prouects funded by the US Government called

          “Digitial Library Project Phase I”.


1695. Armes (2000) defines Digital library as a Managed Collection of information, with association

          Services, where the information stores in digital formats and accessible over a network.


1696. Clifford Lynch 1995 defined “ Digitial library is a system providing a community of user with

           coherent access to a large organized


1697. e-Krishi Samvad, e-krish manch, Agri Portal an internet based Interface ICAR website


1698.  SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active-learning for Young Aspiring Minds) online study programe

          developed by MHRD and AICTE) online course MOOC ( Massive Open Online Course)

           available for 8 groups, xi, xii, UG & PG non- enggering and Engineering, Management, out of

            college student and teachers. 23 disciplines of e-content available.  Four quadrants, video lectuture,

          special prepared reading material that can be download/print, self-assessment test through and

          quizzes and online discussion.

            Inagruate by our presentment  Pranab mukerji -9/7/2017. Developed by 1000 experts, faculty

            members Institution like iits, JNU, Delhi university and Ann University, 408 courses available.


1699. ByJu’s  mobile app for  school student Science & maths lauched at Banglore 23/5/2017.


1700. Google launched Lens app (2017, May,17th) CEO Sunder Pitchai, As the company explains, the

           smartphone camera won’t just see what you see, but will also understand what you see to help you

         take action.


















III - Short Notes

Following  points about "Encyclopaedia" will be useful for  UGC NET exam preparation.

1.The word 'Encyclopaedia' was first used in modern sense in 1559 by PAUL SCALICH.

2.The first edition of " Encyclopaedia Britanica" appeared in the year- 1768. Pulished from

    Chicago,  9th edition of "New Encyclopaedia Britanica" is known as the scholar's edition.

     New Encyclopaedia Britanica(15th ,ed.) was published 32 volumes in 2010. Encyclopedia last

     printered ersion 2010 and stopped printing version April 2012.

3. Publisher of " Encyclopaedia Americana"- New York, 30 volumes, Grolier

4. The publisher of " Encyclopaedia of Library  and Information Science " is MARCEL   DEKKER

5.The editors of " Encyclopaedia of Library and Information Science "  is ALLEN KENT and


6.The publisher of "International Encyclopaedia of social science" is MACMILLAN and  FREE PRESS

7. Bibliology is another name for : Bibliography

8. ISDS established by UNISIST ( UNESCO).

9. Saraswathi Samrajya Bhavanam is located at Vijaywada.on 6 April 1968.

10. CERA is a consortia for Agriculture Sciences literanture

11. Principles of Osmosis has been propounded by Dr. S. R. Raganathan

12 Currently Central Library of Baroda is State library.

13.Who said" Each village should have libraries like we have thanks and wells? By B.S.Keswan.

14. Analytical bibliography investigates the Printing and other physical features  of a book that yield

      evidence establishing a book's history and transmission.

15. Methods of experimental enquiry were advocated by J.S.MIL

16. EndNote is a commercial Reference management software package, used to manage Bibliographies

      and References when writing essays and articles
17. EndNote is a product of Thomson
18. Cumulative Book Index (CBI) for America, Published by Willson, is similar to BNB for Great

19. CBI are published in every month and cumulated annually 
20. CBI is published by  H.W.Wilson Company
21. Non Printer matierals, Government documents, Periodicals and Self-Published work are

      excluded in CBI
22. AIU (Association of Indian Universities)has been bringing out a series of bibliographies on

      doctoral dissertations accepted by Indian Universities since 1957.
23. Who is the Executive Head and ex-officio member secretary  Director

24. Bibliographica Universalis (1545) is the work of Conrad Gessner
25. Unit Bibliography is based on a single work

26. A world Bibliography of  Bibliographies is an example of Bibliography of Bibliographies 
27. A world Bibliography of  Bibliographies was created by Theodore Besterman

28. The word 'Bibliography' was first used by  Louis Jacob de Saints Charles 

29. Keesings Record of world events (monthly) -published from LONDON

30. Facts on file (weekly list) -published from NEWYORK

31. Who's who in the world- published from CHICAGO

32. World of Learning-published from LONDON by EUROPA PUBLICATION

33. Concept of Reference Service given by Samual S Green

34. Guiness Book of world Records- published from NEWYORK

35. Universities Hand Book:India- published from DELHI by ASSOCIATION OF INDIAN


36. Europa Year Book: A survey published from LONDON by EUROPA PUBLICATION

37. International Encyclopaedia of social science by MACMILLAN AND FREE PRESS

38. The subject headings “Money” and “Inflation” are both used in a retrieval system

          be linked by both “see” and “see also” references

39. IFLA introduced  Advancement of Librarianship  Programme

40. Identify  the  entity  that  belongs  to first  group  of entities in  FRBR Concept

41.  Who's who of Indian writers by SAHITYA ACADEMY

42.  India who's who by INFA PUBLICATION

43.  Current Biography by R.R.BOWKER

44.  All India Book Trade Directory by MODERN PUBLICATION

45.  Directory of scientific research Institutions in India by INSDOC

46.  Ulrich's International periodicals Directory published from USA

47.  About persons  -    who'who, Biographical dictionaries

48.  About places    -    Geographical dictionaries, atlas, maps, Gazetteers

49.  About facts about a country  -   Statesman year book

50.  About Literature references  -   Bibliographics, Indexes,abstracts etc.

51.  About Technical terms in different subjects  -Technical dictionaries,special glossaries

52.  About words/phrases,meaning and usages,synonyms,antonyms etc  -Language dictionaries,Thesaurus

59. Storage capacities are

v  CDROM 650-900 MB

v  DVD 4.7- 17.08 GB

v  BLUE RAY 25-128 GB

v  CATRIDGE 1.5-5 TB

60.  EPISTEMOLOGY Means “Theory of Knowledge” is derived from Greek Language

61. International Patent Classification is a- Name of Patent

62. CYBERNATICS Means -Study of Control web

63. HISTOGRAPHY Means- Art of Writing History

64. What was Foot Note Called in the Earliest time - Scholia

65. To Know the Name Of Vice-Canceller of Karanchi University -The world of Learning

66. University Bibliographic control is a Programme of FID

67. A Postulate is - A self evident statement about possibility of thing

68. The title occurring in two or more language on title page is known as- Polyglot Title

70. The name Given Ranganathan for work relating to reservation of book in Issue/return section

      - Bespeaking work

71. The Term "grace weeks " is used in - Periodical Section

72. Incunabula Means- The Book Printed before 1501 A.D.

73. Who is Known as "Biblioclast"- A Destroyer of Book

74.What is an Exhausted Edition - An edition has become out of Print

75. Diazo Process is used for making copies of - Micro Document

76. Size to Size Reproduction of Documents called –Facsimile  or Facsimile Transmission is

      Exact Transmission of the Orginal documents.

77. Redundancy of Publication means - Unnecessary and should be eliminated

78. Largest Gazetter of the world- The Time Index

79. Which Source to answer  of "Recent articles on Ethnic Problem in ShreLanka” Sociological Abstract

80. A subject of small extension and great intention is called- Micro Subject

81. The term "Information Retrieval" was coined by Colvin Mooers.

82. Index and Indexing services comes under Documentation Service.

83. The term "search strategy" is used in Indexing.

84. Chain Indexing was developed by S.R.Ranganathan

85. Frank shepard  was the originator of citation Index.

86. Systematic Indexing  was devised by J.E.L.Farradane.

87. Co-ordinate Indexing was devised by Derek Austin.

88. Uniterm Indexing was developed by Mortimer Taube in 1953.

89. KWIC Indexing system was developed by H.P.Luhn in 1958

90. KWIC Indexing system is an example of controlled Indexing Language.

91. KWIC Indexing technique is based on Full Text.

92. KWIC Indexing system is being used by American Chemical Society for Chemical Title.

93. PRECIS(Preserved Context Indexing System) was developed by Derek Austin in 1974.

94. PRECIS first adopted for subject heading in BNB ( British National Bibliography)

95.In PRECIS, interposed operators is represented by Roman small.

96. POPSI ( Postulate based permuted subject Indexing system ) is invented by Ganesh   

      Bhattacharya in 1964    

97. Eugene Garfield is related with Science Citation Index(SCI)



99. Social Science Citation Index( SSCI) was broughtout in the year 1973

100. The elementary categories of POPSI are DEAPM.

101.What is the another name of canon of sought heading - canon of recall value

102. Three kind of analytical entries-Author analytical,Title analytical,Subject analytical

103. Who started the cataloging in source- Library of congress

104. White elephant is the another name of - Catalouge card

105. According to CCC the name of an author is taken from out side the book, then how it will

        be shown in the main entry- whiten square bracket 

106. Libraries are fundamentals to a thriving democracy, culture, civilization and economy, is the mission statement of  “Library Association

107. Akash is an Android tablet computer joinly developed by London based company DATA WIND at IIT Kanpure

108. A title disclosed the subject of document is - Binders Title

109. What is the indecator sign for the omission of a long title according to AACR2 -(...)

110. Books of unknown or doubtful Authorship is Known as - A Pocryphal Book

111. MUMS is a one type of MARC system

112. RAK is a cataloging code

113. Periodical are entered under which of the following according AACR 2- Title of Periodical

114. What is EMCO index- The computer produced expert medica index

115. The indexing system KWOC is a revised form of - KWICK

116. LUCI is the another name of - Chain Indexing

117. What is the alternative name of  "Telegraphic abstract" - Standardized abstract

118. Alternative Name of Post coordinate index- Manipulative Index

119. When an index system contains current as well as past year information then it is called -    

         Retrospective Index

120.  Android is an operating system of Google

121. “Bharatiya byabahar Kosh” a Dictionary of Indian Language covering 16 Language

122. “Asian Recorder” Deal with – Summary of current events happening about Asia and also outside of   

         Asia happing about Asia

123. An Author is said to be a “Classical Author” if His at least one work is Classic

124. A Technique for identifying the theme of document from its citation is called –

        Bibliographic coupling

125. A Bounded book which consists of Blank Leaves only is technically known as – Blank  Book

126. A page without a folio number but included in overall pagination is technically known as Blind Page

127. A children’s Primar which appeared towards the end of the 16th century is technically known as-

        Horn book

128. A publication whose title Page is missing is technically called – A nepigraphon

129. Who is a Bibliopegist- A book binder

130. Sale of rare book is Technically called- Biobliopoly

131. Intra fact Phase relation is used for presenting relationship between Two isolates belonging  to the

        same fact

132. Inter subject phase relation is used for presenting relationship between- Two Main classes

133. Subject arrangement of document is known as – Filiatory sequence

134. A subject with a basic subject and one more isolate idia is known as- Compound Subject

135. A subject formed by coupling two of more subject is known as( with same relation) Complex


136. Merrill’s code for classifiers was developed by – William S. Merrill in 1928

137. Who started the ‘Asiatic Researches – a Scientific Journal’ in 1787 –  Asiatic Society,  Kolkatta

138. The Calcutta circulating library started by – Messrs cock

139. Who was decided 12th August as ‘Librarian Day’- in the JOCLAI meeting held at Jaipur

        during the 7th conference in 1989

140. Stop List, Go-List and Manual Tagging are used in –Keyword Indexing

141. The ‘CA-Condenates’ are cited as example for – Mini abstracts

142. Who quote 4 stage in reference Interview – Mr. Denis Grogan

143. Nest co-founder Tony Fadell is widely considered to the "father of the iPod"

144. International Gazetteer is published by FUNK & WAGNALLS

145. Implications of Fourth Law of Library Science of Classified Arrangement, Stock-Room

        guides,  Issue Methods.

146. The importance of reference services is the same as wisdom armed  forces  - Lois Shores

147. In which university library of India the post of reference librarian was first created in

        1937-  Madras

148. Which Librarian used the word Reference Interview for the first time – Margratte Hutchins

149. Who was the publisher of CC up to 6th editions  - Asia publishing house

150. Who published the 7th edition of CC – Sharda Ranganathan Endowment

151. Who used first the term Thesaurus – Helan Bronson